Benchmarking Heterogeneous Cloud Functions
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Cloud Functions, often called Function-as-a-Service (FaaS), pioneered by AWS Lambda, are an increasingly popular method of running distributed applications. As in other cloud offerings, cloud functions are heterogeneous, due to different underlying hardware, runtime systems, as well as resource management and billing models. In this paper, we focus on performance evaluation of cloud functions, taking into account heterogeneity aspects. We developed a cloud function benchmarking framework, consisting of one suite based on Serverless Framework, and one based on HyperFlow. We deployed the CPU-intensive benchmarks: Mersenne Twister and Linpack, and evaluated all the major cloud function providers: AWS Lambda, Azure Functions, Google Cloud Functions and IBM OpenWhisk. We make our results available online and continuously updated. We report on the initial results of the performance evaluation and we discuss the discovered insights on the resource allocation policies.
KeywordsCloud computing FaaS Cloud functions Performance evaluation
This work was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland, grant 2016/21/B/ST6/01497.
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