Synthesis of Electronic Circuits Structures on the Basis of Active Switches

  • Marian Pierzchala
  • Mourad Fakhfakh
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 479)


A novel idea for synthesis of electronic circuits’ structures is presented. It is based on the use of ‘active switches’ which can be considered as circuit implementation of the pathological elements since they connect and/or disconnect different elements in the circuits and thus impose on their terminals specific voltages and currents in a similar way as nullors and mirrors. Furthermore, the proposed technique consists of using a combinatorial approach; this allows not only demystifying the process of finding new circuits structures, but also opens large research areas for proposing new ones, as it will be shown in the chapter.


Synthesis of circuits structures Pathological elements Active switches Signal-flow graph Combinatorial approaches 


  1. 1.
    Biolek D, Senani R, Biolková V, Kolka Z (2008) Active elements for analog signal processing: classification, review, and new proposals. Radioengineering 17(4):15–32Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schmid H (2000) Approximating the universal active element. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst II Analog Digital Signal Process 47(11):1160–1169Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Klumperink EAM (1999) A systematic approach to circuit design and analysis: classification of Two-VCCS circuits. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst I Fundam Theory Appl 46(7):810–819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Klumperink EAM, van Tuijl AJM (1998) Systematic generation of transconductance base variable amplifier topologies. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. 1, pp. 289–292Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Klumperink EAM, Bruccoleri F, Nauta B (2001) Finding all elementary circuits exploiting transconductance. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), vol. 1, pp. 667–670Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mason SJ, Zimmermann HJ (1960) Electronic circuits signals and systems. Willey, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pierzchala M, Fakhfakh M (2011) Transformation of LC-filters to active RC-circuits via the two-graph method. Microelectron J 42:999–1005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pierzchala M, Fakhfakh M (2013) Design of setable active lossy inductors. In: Fakhfakh M, Tlelo-Cautle E, Castro-Lopez R (eds) Analog/RF and mixed-signal circuit systematic design. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lin P-M (1991) Symbolic network analysis. ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Carlin HJ (1964) Singular network elements. IEEE Trans Circuit Theory 11:67–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tellegen BDH (1948) The gyrator, a new electric network element. Phillips Res Rep 3:81–101MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Huijsing JH (1990) Operational floating amplifier. IEEE Proc 137:131–136Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Huijsing JH (1993) Design and application of the operational floating amplifier (OFA); the most universal amplifier. Analog Integr Circ Sig Process 4:115–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wroclaw University of TechnologyWroclawPoland
  2. 2.University of SfaxSfaxTunisia

Personalised recommendations