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Measuring Infrasound from the Maritime Environment

  • Doug GrimmettEmail author
  • Randall Plate
  • Jason Goad
Chapter

Abstract

Worldwide infrasound coverage is obtained using fixed, land-based sensing networks. However, two-thirds of the earth’s surface is composed of oceans, and while islands in the ocean already host sensing stations, no capability yet exists to monitor infrasound from sensors fielded directly in the maritime environment. Deployment in the maritime would greatly enhance the ability to monitor natural and anthropogenic sources of infrasound around the world through improved event detection, localization, and classification. The additional sensing may also facilitate improved knowledge of global atmospheric environmental conditions. The advantages and challenges of infrasound sensing in the maritime environment are described, as are potential host platforms for fielding them. Some technical challenges for this concept include sensor motion, wind noise, composing arrays of sensors and survivability in the ocean environment. An in-depth analysis of one of these, the negative impact of ocean heave on performance, is described along with a potential solution for its mitigation.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific NISE program, which provided the required funding to perform this work. We acknowledge the managers, captain, and crew of the R.V. Acoustic Explorer ship for their experimental support in collecting the infrasound measurements used herein. We acknowledge Talmadge Carrick (National Center for Physical Acoustics) and Chad Williams (Hyperion Technology Group) for useful discussions and advice on sensor configurations during experimentation.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SPAWAR Systems Center PacificSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Florida Atlantic UniversityBoca RatonUSA

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