Advertisement

Local Volcano Infrasound Monitoring

  • Jeffrey JohnsonEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Infrasound monitoring is employed to enhance understanding of eruption dynamics and to track eruptive activity over time. Local infrasound, where sensors are positioned near to and/or on the flanks of volcanoes, implies that sound transmission from vent to receiver is approximately line-of-sight. Typical assumptions are that pressure decays as the inverse of distance and that attenuation and dispersion effects are minimal. Locally recorded signals thus represent relatively undistorted source time motions and can be used to effectively characterize volcanic activity. Local monitoring can entail a spectrum of installation topologies including single isolated sensors on a volcano, networks of sensors, a single array, or networks of sensor arrays. Stations may be installed as standalone or in telemetered configurations depending upon available resources and research objectives, which may range from simple explosion counting to degassing detection, mapping of vents, or identification of moving sources. Some of these objectives are only possible using arrays. Quantifying volcano infrasound, in terms of both spectral shape, power, and signal envelope, is relatively straightforward using data recorded at local distances. Despite inter-network variability, influenced by potential source directivity, propagation effects, and/or site response, the local infrasound records permit good estimation of total acoustic energy, identification of dominant spectral tones, and signal morphology. These parameters may be robustly compared at a volcano over time and/or compared to other volcanoes. Ultimately, infrasound analysis permits remote surveillance of activity occurring at the vent (or on the slopes) of a volcano that may otherwise be difficult to observe.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Data presented here were collected with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) EAR grant 1151662 and the Fulbright Scholar’s Program. Appreciation is extended to Dr. Matthew Haney, who provided insightful and helpful review of the chapter.

References

  1. Aki K, Koyanagi R (1981) Deep volcanic tremor and magma ascent mechanism under Kilauea Hawaii. J Geophys Res 86(B8):7095–7110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arechiga R, Johnson JB, Edens H, Thomas RJ, Rison W (2011) Acoustic localization of triggered lightning. J Geophys Res 116(D09103).  https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JD015248
  3. Arrowsmith SJ, Johnson JB, Drob DP, Hedlin MAH (2010) The seismo-acoustic wavefield: a new paradigm in studying geophysical phenomena. Rev Geophys 48, RG4003. http://doi.org/10.1029/2010RG000335
  4. Barnes AE (1993) Instantaneous spectral bandwidth and dominant frequency with applications to seismic reflection data. Geophys 58(3):419–428. https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1443425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bass HE, Sutherland LC, Zuckerwar AJ, Blackstock DT, Hester DM (1995) Atmospheric absorption of sound: further developments. J Acoust Soc Am 97(1):680–683.  https://doi.org/10.1121/1.412989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cannata A, Montalto P, Privitera E, Russo G, Gresta S (2009) Characterization and location of infrasonic sources in active volcanos: Mt. Etna, Septermber-November 2007. J Geophys Res 114(B8):1–15.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JB006007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cansi (1995) An automatic seismic event processing for detection and location; the P.M.C.C. method. Geophys Res Lett 22(9):1021–1024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dabrowa AL, Green DN, Rust AC, Phillips JC (2011) A global study of volcanic infrasound characteristics and the potential for long-range monitoring. Earth Planet Sci Lett 310:369–379.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2011.08.027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dabrowa AL, Green DN, Johnson JB, Phillips JC, Rust AC (2014) Comparing near-regional and local measurements of infrasound from Mount Erebus, Antarctica: implications for monitoring. J Volcanol Geoth Res 288:46–61.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.10.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Delle Donne D, Ripepe M, De Angelis S, Cole PD, Lacanna G, Poggi P, Stewart R (2014) Chapter 9 thermal, acoustic and seismic signals from pyroclastic density currents and vulcanian explosions at Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat Geol Soc Lond Mem 39:169–178. http://doi.org/10.1144/M39.9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Endo ET, Murray T (1991) Real-time seismic amplitude measurement (RSAM): a volcano monitoring and prediction tool. Bull Volcan 53(7):533–545.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00298154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fee D, Garces M (2007) Infrasonic tremor in the diffraction zone. Geophys Res Lett 34(16). http://doi.org/10.1029/2007gl030616
  13. Fee D, Matoza RS (2013) An overview of volcano infrasound: from hawaiian to plinian, local to global. J Volc Geotherm Res 249:123–139.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.09.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fee D, Haney M, Matoza R, Szuberla C, Lyons J, Waythomas C (2016) Seismic Envelope-Based Detection and Location of Ground-Coupled Airwaves from Volcanoes in Alaska. Bull Seismol Soc Am 106(3):1024–1035. https://doi.org/10.1785/0120150244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Garces MA, Hansen RA, Lindquist K (1998) Traveltimes for infrasonic waves propagating in a stratified atmosphere. Geophys J Int 135(1):255–263.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-246X.1998.00618.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Garcés M (2003) Infrasonic tremor observed at Kīlauea Volcano Hawai’i. Geophys Res Lett 30(20):1–4.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2003GL018038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Garcés M, Iguchi M, Ishihara K, Morrissey M, Sudo Y, Tsutsui T (1999) Infrasonic precursors to a Vulcanian Eruption at Sakurajima Volcano Japan. Geophys Res Lett 26(16):2537.  https://doi.org/10.1029/1998GL005327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Goto A, Johnson JB (2011) Monotonic infrasound and helmholtz resonance at volcan villarrica (Chile). Geophys Res Lett 38(L06301). http://doi.org/10.1029/2011GL046858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hagerty MT, Protti M, Schwartz SY, Garces MA (2000) Analysis of seismic and acoustic observations at arenal volcano, costa rica, 1995–1997. J Volc Geotherm Res 101(1–2):27–65.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(00)00162-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Johnson JB (2005) Source location variability and volcanic vent mapping with a small-aperture infrasound array at stromboli Volcano Italy. Bull Volcan 67:1–14Google Scholar
  21. Johnson JB, Anderson J, Marcillo O, Arrowsmith S (2012) Probing local wind and temperature structure using infrasound from volcan villarrica (Chile). J Geophys Res 117(D17). http://doi.org/10.1029/2012JD017694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Johnson JB, Aster RC, Kyle PR (2004) Volcanic eruptions observed with infrasound. Geophys Res Lett 31(14). http://doi.org/10.1029/2004gl020020
  23. Johnson JB, Aster RC, Ruiz MC, Malone SD, McChesney PJ, Lees JM, Kyle PR (2003) Interpretation and utility of infrasonic records from erupting volcanoes. J Volc Geotherm Res 121(1–2):15–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Johnson JB, Lees JM (2000) Plugs and chugs—seismic and acoustic observations of degassing explosions at Karymsky, Russia and Sangay. Ecuador J Volc Geotherm Res 101(1–2):67–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Johnson JB, Lees JM (2010) Sound produced by the rapidly inflating Santiaguito lava dome Guatemala. Geophys Res Lett 37(22):1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL045217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Johnson JB, Malone SD (2007) Ground-coupled acoustic airwaves from Mount St. Helens provide constraints on the May 18, 1980 eruption. Earth Planet Sci Lett 258(1–2):16–31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2007.03.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Johnson JB, Palma JL (2015) Lahar infrasound associated with volcán villarrica’s 3 March 2015 eruption. Geophys Res Lett 42(15):6324–6331.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL065024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Johnson JB, Ronan TJ (2015) Infrasound from volcanic rockfalls. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 120(12):8223–8239.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JB012436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Johnson JB, Ripepe M (2011) Volcano infrasound: a review. J Volcanol Geoth Res 206(3–4):61–69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.06.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Johnson J, Aster R, Jones KR, Kyle P, McIntosh B (2008) Acoustic source characterization of impulsive strombolian eruptions from the Mount Erebus lava lake. J Volcanol Geoth Res 177(3):673–686.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.06.028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jones K, Johnson JB, Aster R, Kyle P, McIntosh W (2008) Infrasonic tracking of large bubble bursts and ash venting at Erebus volcano, Antarctica. J Volc Geotherm. Res 177:661–672.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.02.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Johnson JB, Watson LM, Palma JL, Dunham EM, Anderson JF (2018) Forecasting the Eruption of an Open-Vent Volcano Using Resonant Infrasound Tones. Geophys Res Lett 45(5):2213–2220. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kim K, Lees JM (2014) Local volcano infrasound and source localization investigated by 3D simulation. Seismol Res LettGoogle Scholar
  34. Kim K, Lees JM, Ruiz M (2012) Acoustic multipole source model for volcanic explosions and inversion for source parameters. Geophys J Int 191(3):1192–1204.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05696.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kim K, Lees JM (2011) Finite-difference time-domain modeling of transient infrasonic wavefields excited by volcanic explosions. Geophys Res Lett 38(6):2–6.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL046615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Marcillo O, Johnson JB, Hart D (2012) Implementation, characterization, and evaluation of an inexpensive low-power low-noise infrasound sensor based on a micromachined differential pressure transducer and a mechanical filter. J Atmospheric Ocean Technol 29(9):1275–1284.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00101.1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Marchetti E, Ripepe M, Campus P, Le Pichon A, Brachet N, Blanc E, Gaillard P, Mialle P, Husson P (2019) Infrasound monitoring of volcanic eruptions and contribution of ARISE to the volcanic ash advisory centers. In: Le Pichon A, Blanc E, Hauchecorne A (eds) Infrasound monitoring for atmospheric studies, 2nd edn. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1141–1162Google Scholar
  38. Matoza RS, Fee D, Neilsen TB, Gee KL, Ogden DE (2013) Aeroacoustics of volcanic jets: acoustic power estimation and jet velocity dependence. J Geophys Res 118(12):6269–6284.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JB010303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Matoza R, Fee D, Green D, Mialle P (2019) Volcano infrasound and the international monitoring system. In: Le Pichon A, Blanc E, Hauchecorne A (eds) Infrasound monitoring for atmospheric studies, 2nd edn. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1023–1077Google Scholar
  40. Matoza R, Le Pichon A, Vergoz J, Herry P, Lalande J-M, Lee H, Rybin A (2010). Infrasonic observations of the June 2009 sarychev peak eruption, Kuril Islands: implications for infrasonic monitoring of explosive volcanism. J Volc Geotherm Res 200:35–48. http://doi.org/101016/j.volgeores.2010.11.022
  41. McKee K, Fee D, Rowell C, Yokoo A (2014) Network-based evaluation of the infrasonic source location at Sakurajima volcano, Japan. Seismol Res Lett 85(6):1200–1211. http://doi.org/10.1785/0220140119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. McNutt SR, Thompson G, Johnson JB, De Angelis S, Fee D (2015) Seismic and infrasonic monitoring. In: Encyclopedia of volcanoes, 2nd ed. Academic Press, pp 1071–1099. http://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385938-9.00063-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nakata N, Snieder R (2011) Near - surface weakening in Japan after the 2011 Tohoku - Oki earthquake, 38(July):1–5. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GL048800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Richardson JP, Waite GP, Palma JL (2014) Varying seismic-acoustic properties of the fluctuating lava lake at Villarrica volcano. Chile. J. Geophys. Res. 119:5560–5573.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JB011002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ripepe M, Marchetti E (2002) Array tracking of infrasonic sources at Stromboli volcano. Geophys Res Lett 29:331–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ripepe M, Marchetti E (2019) Infrasound monitoring of volcano-related hazards for civil protection. In: Le Pichon A, Blanc E, Hauchecorne A (eds) Infrasound monitoring for atmospheric studies, 2nd edn. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1107–1140Google Scholar
  47. Ripepe M, Marchetti E, Bonadonna C, Harris AJL, Pioli L, Uliveri G (2010) Monochromatic infrasonic tremor driven by persistent degassing and convection at villarrica volcano, chile. Geophys Res Lett 37(L15303). http://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL043516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ripepe M, Marchetti E, Ulivieri G (2007) Infrasonic monitoring at Stromboli volcano during the 2003 effusive eruption: Insights on the explosive and degassing process of an open conduit system. J Geophys Res-Solid Earth 112. http://doi.org/10.1029/2006jb004613
  49. Rowell CR, Fee D, Szuberla CAL, Arnoult K, Matoza RS, Firstov PP, Makhmudov E (2014) Three-dimensional volcano-acoustic source localization at Karymsky. J Volcanol Geoth Res 283:101–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.06.015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Stull RB (2000) Meteorology for scientists and engineers, 2nd edn. Brooks/Cole, Pacific Grove, CAGoogle Scholar
  51. Taisne B, Perttu A, Tailpied D, Caudron C, Simonini L (2019) Atmospheric controls on ground- and space-based remote detection of volcanic ash injection into the atmosphere, and link to early warning systems for aviation hazard mitigation. In: Le Pichon A, Blanc E, Hauchecorne A (eds) Infrasound monitoring for atmospheric studies, 2nd edn. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1079–1105Google Scholar
  52. Woulff G, McGetchin TR (1976) Acoustic noise from volcanos—theory and experiment. Geophys J Roy Astron Soc 45(3):601–616.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.1976.tb06913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yokoo A, Suzuki YJ, Iguchi M (2014) Dual infrasound sources from a Vulcanian eruption of Sakurajima volcano inferred from cross-array observation. Seismol Res Lett 85(6):1212–1222.  https://doi.org/10.1785/0220140047CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeosciencesBoise State UniversityBoiseUSA

Personalised recommendations