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Infrasound for Detection, Localization, and Geometrical Reconstruction of Lightning Flashes

  • Thomas FargesEmail author
  • François Coulouvrat
  • Louis-Jonardan Gallin
  • Régis Marchiano
Chapter

Abstract

In the context of the infrasound network of the International Monitoring System of CTBT, infrasounds and low- frequency sounds are reviewed as a method to characterize lightning flashes in a complementary way to electromagnetic observations. The physics of lightning discharges is briefly recalled, in relation with thunder characteristics and mechanisms of generation. The possibilities and limitations of following storms at various distances by means of remote acoustic detection of lightning flashes is discussed. Influence of distance, wind and ambient noise is examined. The three-dimensional reconstruction of lightning flashes is illustrated by several examples from a recent 2012 observation campaign in the French Mediterranean region. Comparison with outputs from a high-resolution electromagnetic lightning mapping array delineates the performances of acoustical reconstruction of individual lightning flashes for both intra-cloud or cloud-to-ground discharges. Analysis of a significant number of discharges allows to perform a statistical comparison of the two approaches. Special attention is brought to the lower parts of cloud-to-ground discharges. Opportunities for further investigations are finally outlined.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The SOP1 was funded by grants MISTRALS/HYMEX and ANR-11-BS56-0005 IODA-MED. The authors acknowledge Meteo-France and the HyMeX program for supplying the data, sponsored by grants MISTRALS/HyMeX and ANR-11-BS56-0005 IODA-MED project. Present results have been obtained within the frame of the LETMA (Laboratoire ETudes et Modélisation Acoustique), Contractual Research Laboratory between CEA, CNRS, Ecole Centrale Lyon, C-Innov, and Université Pierre et Marie Curie.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Farges
    • 1
    Email author
  • François Coulouvrat
    • 2
  • Louis-Jonardan Gallin
    • 1
  • Régis Marchiano
    • 2
  1. 1.CEA, DAM, DIFArpajonFrance
  2. 2.Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris, CNRS, UMR 7190, Institut Jean Le Rond d’AlembertParisFrance

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