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Recent Dynamic Studies on the Middle Atmosphere at Mid- and Low-Latitudes Using Rayleigh Lidar and Other Technologies

  • Alain HauchecorneEmail author
  • Sergey Khaykin
  • Philippe Keckhut
  • Nahoudha Mzé
  • Guillaume Angot
  • Chantal Claud
Chapter

Abstract

The vertical structure of the middle atmosphere (stratosphere and mesosphere) is mainly driven by the absorption of solar radiation by ozone, which is maximum at the stratopause defining the limit between the two layers. However, the meridional structure of the temperature field is far from the radiative equilibrium, especially in the upper mesosphere where the coldest temperatures are reached at the summer pole. This structure can be only explained if we consider the vertical and meridional circulation driven by planetary and gravity wave propagation and breaking. Rayleigh lidars providing time-resolved accurate temperature profiles from the middle stratosphere to the top of mesosphere are very efficient tools to study the characteristics of these waves and their impact on the mean temperature and wind fields. Together with other types of instrument setup in the frame of the European Design Study projects ARISE and -ARISE2, Doppler wind lidars, Mesosphere–Stratosphere–Troposphere (MST) and meteor radars, the IMS (International Monitoring System) infrasound network, airglow imagers and ionospheric sounders, they will contribute to a better knowledge and a better representation of middle atmospheric processes in numerical weather prediction and climate models.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partly supported by ARISE (FP7) and ARISE2 (H2020), Grant agreement 653980 design study projects, funded by the European Union and by Stradivarius project funded by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche, France.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alain Hauchecorne
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sergey Khaykin
    • 1
  • Philippe Keckhut
    • 1
  • Nahoudha Mzé
    • 1
  • Guillaume Angot
    • 1
  • Chantal Claud
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire atmosphères, milieux et observations spatiales (LATMOS), UVSQ Université Paris-Saclay, Sorbonne Université, CNRSGuyancourtFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD) CNRS, Ecole PolytechniquePalaiseauFrance

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