# Robust Economic Emission Dispatch of Thermal Units and Compressed Air Energy Storages

## Abstract

In recent years, different energy storage technologies are attracting world’s attention due to their capabilities in adding more flexibility on power system operation and planning. Meanwhile, compressed air energy storages are able to participate in bulk energy management with higher power capacity for long discharge time period. In addition, advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage (AA-CAES) has an overall efficiency up to 70% with near-zero carbon footprints in comparison with conventional types. Hence, this chapter aims to present a day-ahead robust dynamic economic emission dispatch model for wind, thermal, and AA-CAES units taking into account some operational constraints such as power balance criterion, ramp up and down limits, generation capacity, transmission losses, charge and discharge constraints of AA-CAES, etc. A mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem is solved using SBB solver under general algebraic modeling system (GAMS) software package to minimize total operating cost and emissions of thermal units considering wind uncertainties and participating AA-CAES over a 24-h time interval.

## Keywords

Robust economic emission dispatch Thermal generating units Advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage## References

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