Regulating Eutrophication – Flexible Legal Approaches and Environmental Governance in the Baltic Sea Area

  • Brita Bohman
Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE, volume 18)


The chapter discusses the design of regulatory instruments and structures adopted to deal with eutrophication in the Baltic Sea area. New forms of regulations have been introduced in the past decades and what may appear as regulatory gaps or uncertain obligations is often closely connected to the developing idea of an ecosystem approach to regulation, in international as well as EU law. The chapter assesses what this concept actually entails in legal terms and whether the demand for regulation and enforcement of measures to reduce the eutrophication is sufficiently and effectively covered in the existing regulatory framework. It also reviews benefits and obstacles linked to ecosystem-based regulation and assesses whether the concept provides is effective in abating environmental problems.


Eutrophication Baltic Sea Ecosystem approach Good environmental status Helsinki convention Baltic Sea action plan Marine strategy framework directive Baltic Sea 

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Business, Economics and Law, Department of LawUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden

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