Indian Spices pp 359-378 | Cite as

Export of Onion, Garlic and Chilli: Three Essential Spices in Daily Kitchen

  • T. Seth
  • Y. A. Lyngdoh
  • A. Chattopadhyay
  • Amit Baran Sharangi
  • G. P. Mishra
Chapter

Abstract

India is known as “The Home of Spices”. No Indian meal is considered complete without the tangy and delectable flavor of Indian Spices, locally known as “Masala”. Indian spices are famous all over the world for their gastronic value to possess high medicinal values. Specialized commodity trading is gaining momentum in many parts of India. Vast export potential exists in India for fresh and different processed products of vegetables. Among vegetables, onion contributes the largest exportable commodities in India. India ranks third in export of fresh onion, next to Netherlands and Spain in the world and export of fresh onion from India is channelized through NAFED. Major importers of fresh onion from India are Gulf countries, Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Fresh onion export from India shares 8.98% of the total export earnings from agriculture sector in 2014–15. Garlic has been exporting from India for many years to the major importing countries like Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Zambia, UAF, Bahrain, Mauritius, Kuwait, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The export has been ranging between 2 and 3 per cent of the total domestic production. The quantum of export of garlic has been fluctuating due to sudden change in the policy of garlic importing countries. Varieties having bigger cloves have great demand in the international market. In Europe and North America chilli is consumed as an important vegetable in diets but it is considered as a spice product in international trade. The mild and or non-pungent dried powder or oleoresin having a brilliant red colour is common in the international spice trade. The chilli powder and oleoresin contains mixture of capsaicin, capsanthin and capsorubin. It is now widely used to replace artificial food colourants. India is the largest exporter of chillies, meeting nearly half of the world’s consumption demand. Chilli is the largest spice item exported from India in terms of volume and occupies second position in terms of value.

Keywords

Onion Garlic Chilli Daily kitchen Export and quality specifications 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Seth
    • 1
  • Y. A. Lyngdoh
    • 2
  • A. Chattopadhyay
    • 4
  • Amit Baran Sharangi
    • 5
  • G. P. Mishra
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-RCER Research Centre Ranchi, PlanduJharkhandIndia
  2. 2.Division of Vegetable ScienceICAR-IARINew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Division of GeneticsICAR-IARINew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Vegetable ScienceBidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (Agricultural University)MohanpurIndia
  5. 5.Department of Plantation, Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic CropsBidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (Agricultural University)Mohanpur, NadiaIndia

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