Indian Spices pp 317-339 | Cite as

Recent Researches on Molecular Breeding for Spice Crop Improvement

  • Tapas Paul
  • Sandip Debnath


Along with conventional approaches biotechnological interventions like in- vitro conservation, synthetic seed, somaclonal variation, protoplast fusion and development of transgenic crops have huge potential in conservation of spices, production and genetic improvement in spice. For production of secondary metabolites, flavor and coloring components transformed cell culture, transgenic approach are being attempted. Molecular markers and maps are being generated for genome sequencing, varietal identification, assessment of genetic variability and marker assisted breeding. Genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics study is being used as an important tool for identification and utilization of novel genes. Because of their commercial importance, intensification of biotechnological approaches in spice breeding are essential in the coming decade. Molecular or DNA markers viz., RAPD, AFLP, ISSR, SSR, sequence data from mitochondrial, chloroplast DNA and ribosomal DNA etc. are being used for molecular profiling, studying inter relationships among different species, varietal identification, estimating genetic purity, checking adulteration, mapping and tagging of genes of agronomic importance.


Spices Molecular Breeding Gene Mapping DNA markers 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding & Crop PhysiologyInstitute of Agriculture (Palli Siksha Bhavana)Sriniketan, Visva-BharatiIndia

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