Elementary Methods

  • Torsten Söderström
Part of the Communications and Control Engineering book series (CCE)


The behavior of two types of elementary methods are described and analyzed. The least squares (LS) method is shown not to give consistent estimates. Its generalization into instrumental variable (IV) methods is analyzed in detail. The choice of user parameters in the IV methods is discussed.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Systems and Control, Department of Information TechnologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations