Values, Transactional Relationships and the Autonomy of Science

  • Pierluigi Barrotta
Part of the Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning book series (LARI, volume 16)


The fifth chapter reinforces the conclusions reached by the fourth. I will argue that moral evaluations are similar to empirical hypotheses, which are factually controllable. Without sacrificing the due distinctions, science and morality are different aspects of the same inquiry, since they use the same empirical process and the objective of both is the truth. The transactional conception of knowledge and reality will further confirm the presence of a moral dimension in scientific research. The inclusion of moral values in scientific research will lead to examining the responsibilities of science. Through historical examples and general arguments, we will see why the scientist does not just have a responsibility only towards truth. The last section will examine the problem of autonomy in science. The fall of the myth of value-free science does not pose any dangers to the autonomy of science. On the contrary, it is a necessary step to reaffirm it and defend it.


Autonomy (a. of science and social values) Convergence (of opinions, in science and morality) Desired/desirable Discovery/creation Ends (ends-in view, ends as termination, ends and values) Environmental economics (use values, existence values, transformative values) Is-ought problem Means/ends Responsibility Technology (language as a t., technology made up of physical instruments) Transactional relationships (between knowledge and reality Between knowledge, reality and morality) Truth Unpredictability thesis (anticipations vs. predictions) Values (ideal v., see ends as termination, see environmental economics) 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierluigi Barrotta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civilizations and Forms of KnowledgeUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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