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Values and Inductive Risk

  • Pierluigi Barrotta
Chapter
Part of the Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning book series (LARI, volume 16)

Abstract

Values are not only necessary to establish the meaning of some scientific terms, they also enter into the consequences of accepting or rejecting a theory. This argument, based on ‘inductive risk’, was proposed many years ago and has been returned to and criticised by those who defend the ideal of value-free science. We will examine why these criticisms are unconvincing also by presenting an example: the controversy over climate change, which also has the advantage of showing an unexpected link between this chapter and the previous one. Furthermore, in the last two sections we will see why constructivist concepts of risk must equally be rejected.

Keywords

Climate sensitivity Conceptual frameworks Consensus in science Constructivism Evidence (and total e.) Experts (scientific e.) Incommensurability Reasonable doubt Relevance judgments (see evidence) Risk (risky decisions, cultural theory of risk) Statistics (Bayesian s., classical s.) Vajont dam Value-free science 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierluigi Barrotta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civilizations and Forms of KnowledgeUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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