Interaction Between Nutrition and Metabolism

  • Stella Maria Barrouin-Melo
  • Yadira Alejandra Morejón Terán
  • Johanna Anturaniemi
  • Anna Katrina Hielm-Björkman
Part of the Experientia Supplementum book series (EXS, volume 109)


Diet plays a fundamental role in the nutritional status, in the homeostasis and in the capacity of an individual to adapt to the environment. A proper or an inadequate nutrition has an impact on the persistence, remission and incidence of various conditions, including the infectious diseases. Consequently, nutrition has a crucial importance on survival rates and health recovery of individuals or even populations around the globe. The synergistic relationship between nutritional needs and infectious processes has been demonstrated conclusively in diverse studies. This chapter will discuss the most important nutrients, their most common natural dietary sources, the different digestive processes for each one as well as the absorption, transport, storage, excretion and function of each of the nutrients within the organism. We also go through some concepts on the interaction between nutrition and the immune system, as well as examples on the influence of nutrition or specific nutrients on some infectious diseases, and their influence on the gene expression.


Metabolism Infection Disease Nutrient Immunonutrition Nutrigenetic 



We thank Denise Sara Key for proofreading the English of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stella Maria Barrouin-Melo
    • 1
  • Yadira Alejandra Morejón Terán
    • 2
  • Johanna Anturaniemi
    • 3
  • Anna Katrina Hielm-Björkman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Pathology and Clinics, School of Veterinary Medicine and ZootechnyFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Collective HealthFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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