A Historical Review of Identifying and Mitigating Mine Gas Explosions

  • Jianwei Cheng
Chapter

Abstract

In this Chapter, it includes a thorough literature review regarding on three aspects: (1) Methods to descript the behaviour of mine sealed atmosphere in an underground coal mine and to analyse the sealed atmosphere and its potential effects on a mine ventilation system; (2) Main popular and typical methods used in mining industry to determine the mine gas explosibility are introduced and reviewed. Case demonstrations for each method are also shown and can be used to instruct readers to understand how to apply them. (3) This chapter also reviews current techniques used in the mining industry for controlling or mitigating gas explosion hazards, which are generally classified as passive and active types. The merits and demerits of each technology are discussed and a comparison among all methods has been done based on their applicability.

Keywords

Mining safety Mine ventilation Atmosphere in sealed mine gob Gas explosibility Explosibility identification Explosion control and protections 

References

  1. Amyotte, P. R., Mintz, K. J., & Pegg, M. J. (1992). Effectiveness of various rock dusts as agents of coal dust inerting. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 5(3), 196–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arnaldos, J., Casal, J., & Planascuchi, E. (2001). Prediction of flammability limits at reduced pressures. Chemical Engineering Science, 56(12), 3829–3843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brady, J., Burra, S., & Calderwood, B. R. (2008). The positive pressure chamber. In K. Wallace (Ed.), Proceedings of the 12th United States/North American Mine Ventilation Symposium (pp. 171–177). University of Nevada, Reno.Google Scholar
  4. Breslin, J. A. (2010). One hundred years of federal mining safety and health research (pp. 88). Pittsburgh: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, IC9520.Google Scholar
  5. Cain, P. (2003). The use of stone dust to control coal dust explosions: A review of international practice. The Stakeholders of the dederal government, industry underground coal mines safety research collaboraton, Administered natural resources Canada.Google Scholar
  6. Cao, X., Ren, J., Zhou, Y., Wang, Q., Gao, X., & Bi, M. (2015). Suppression of methane/air explosion by ultrafine water mist containing sodium chloride additive. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 285(285), 311–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carona, M., Goethalsa, M., De Smedta, G., Berghmansa, J., Vliegenb, S., Van’t Oostb, E., & Van Den Aarssenb, A. (1999). Pressure dependence of the auto-ignition temperature of methane/air mixtures. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 65(3), 233–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cashdollar, K. L., Zlochower, I. A., Green, G. M., Thomas, R. A., & Hertzberg, M. (2000). Flammability of methane, propane, and hydrogen gases. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 13, 327–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cashdollar, K. L., Sapko, M. J., Weiss, E. S., Harris, M. L., Man, C. K., Harteis, S. P., & Green, G. M. (2010). Recommendations for a new rock dusting standard to prevent coal dust explosions in intake airways. Equipment & Supplies. Pittsburgh: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2010–151, Report of Investigations 9679, 2010 May, pp. 1–49.Google Scholar
  10. Chen, X., & Zhang, A. Y. (2011). Experimental investigation on micro-dynamic behavior of gas explosion suppression with SiO_2 fine powders. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters, 1(3), 1–4.Google Scholar
  11. Dixon, D. W. F. W. (1994). The Preliminary Analysis of the Pressure Wave Transmission/Reflection Characteristics of Explosion Doors using One-imensional Finite Isentropic Wave Theory. In Proceedings of the 9th Coal Congress of TurkeyZonguldak, Turkey.Google Scholar
  12. Du Plessis, J. (2014). Ventilation and occupational environment engineering in mines. Johannesburg: Mine Ventilaiton Scociety of South Africa.Google Scholar
  13. Dwyer, J., Hansel, J. G., & Pilips, T. (2003). Temperature influence on the flammability limits of heat treating atmospheres. In N. Dahotre, R. Gaste, R. Hill, & O. Popoola (Eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd heat treating society conference and the 2nd international surface engineering congress (pp. 24–28). Indianapolis.Google Scholar
  14. Foster-Miller, I. (1988). Improved ventilation of sealed mine gob. U.S. Bureau of Mines, Contract Report No. J0308029, pp. 21.Google Scholar
  15. Ghosh, A. K., & Wang, S. (2014). Evolution of underground coal mine explosion law in Australia, 1887-2007. Journal of Australasian Mining History, 12, 81–97.Google Scholar
  16. Goethals, M., Vanderstraeten, B., Berghmans, J., De, S. G., Vliegen, S., & Van’t, O. E. (1999). Experimental study of the flammability limits of toluene-air mixtures at elevated pressure and temperature. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 70(3), 93–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Greuer, R., (1974). Study of mine fire fighting using inert gases, U.S. Bureau of Mines Contract Report No. S0231075, pp. 135.Google Scholar
  18. Harris, M. L., Weiss, E. S., Man, C. K., Harteis, S. P., Goodman, G. V., & Sapko, M. J. (2004). Rock dusting considerations in underground coal mines. In S. Hardcastle & D. McKinnon (Eds.), 13th US/North American Mine Ventilation Symposium. Sudbury.Google Scholar
  19. Holding, W. (1992). A re-look at explosibility diagrams. In R. Hemp (Ed.), Proceedings of the 5th International Mine Ventilation Congress (pp. 171–181). Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  20. Huang, S. (2010). China coal outlook 2010. Beijing: China Coal Industry Publishing House.Google Scholar
  21. Jiang, B., Liu, Z., Tang, M., Yang, K., Lv, P., & Lin, B. (2016). Active suppression of premixed methane/air explosion propagation by non-premixed suppressant with nitrogen and ABC powder in a semi-confined duct. Journal of Natural Gas Science & Engineering, 29, 141–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kissell, F. N. (2006). Handbook for methane control in mining. Pittsburgh: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, IC9468, pp. 180.Google Scholar
  23. Koshiba, Y., Takahashi, Y., et al. (2012). Flame suppression ability of metallocenes (nickelocene, cobaltcene, ferrocene, manganocene, and chromocene). Fire Safety Journal, 51(4), 10–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kukuczka, M. (1982). A new method for determining explosibility of complex gas mixtures. Mechanizacja I Automatuzacja Gornictwa, 164(11), 36–39.Google Scholar
  25. Linteris, G. T., Rumminger, M. D., & Babushok, V. I. (2008). Catalytic inhibition of laminar flames by transition metal compounds. Progress in Energy & Combustion Science, 34(3), 288–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu, Q., Hu, Y., Bai, C., & Chen, M. (2013). Methane/coal dust/air explosions and their suppression by solid particle suppressing agents in a large-scale experimental tube. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 26(2), 310–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lolon, S., & Calizaya, F. (2009). Computational fluid dynamics study on hot spot location in longwall gob. Mining Engineering, 61(8), 36–41.Google Scholar
  28. Lu, L. J., & Han, X. W. (1991). Coal safety manual – Chapter 12 and Chapter 13. Beijing: Coal Industry Press.Google Scholar
  29. Luo, Z., Wang, T., Tian, Z., Cheng, F., Deng, J., & Zhang, Y. (2014). Experimental study on the suppression of gas explosion using thegas–solid suppressant of CO 2 /ABC powder. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 30(1), 17–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Luo, Y., Wang, D., & Cheng, J. (2017). Effects of rock dusting in preventing and reducing intensity of coal mine explosion. International Journal of Coal Science and Technology, 4(2), 102–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Man, C. K., & Teacoach, K. A. (2009). How does limestone rock dust prevent coal dust explosions in coal mines? Mining Engineering, 61(9), 61–69.Google Scholar
  32. McGrattan, K., Baum, H., Rehm, R., Forney, G., Floyd, J., Hostikka, S., & Prasad, K. (2002). Fire dynamics simulator (Version 3) – Technical reference guide, pp. 76.Google Scholar
  33. McPherson, M. J. (1993). Subsurface ventilation and environmental engineering. London: Chapman & Hall.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Nie, B., He, X., Zhang, R., Chen, W., & Zhang, J. (2011). The roles of foam ceramics in suppression of gas explosion overpressure and quenching of flame propagation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 192(2), 741–747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Piqueras, C. M., García-Serna, J., & Cocero, M. J. (2011). Estimation of lower flammability limits in high-pressure systems. Application to the direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide using supercritical and near-critical CO 2 and air as diluents. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 56(1), 33–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Shao, H., Jiang, S., Zhang, X., Wu, Z., Wang, K., & Zhang, W. (2015). Influence of vacuum degree on the effect of gas explosion suppression by vacuum chamber. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 38, 214–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Smith, A. C., Diamond, W. P., Mucho, T. P., & Organiscak, J. A. (1994). Bleederless ventilation systems as a spontaneous combustion control measure in U.S. coal mines. Pittsburgh: U.S. Bureau of Mines, IC9377, pp. 45.Google Scholar
  38. Spätha, H., Albert, S. Y., et al. (2011). A new dimension in coal mine safety: ExploSpot, active explosion suppression technology. Procedia Engineering, 26, 2191–2198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Timko, R. J., & Derick, R. L. (2006). Methods to determine the status of mine atmospheres – An overview. Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa, 59(2), 46–55.Google Scholar
  40. Wang, J., Wu, J., Yu, S., & Spath, H. (2011). The experiment research of the powder jetting performance for the south africa hs active explosion suppression system. Procedia Engineering, 26, 388–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wu, Z. Y., Jiang, S. G., Wang, L. Y., Shao, H., Wang, K., Zhang, W. Q., Wu, H. W., & Liang, W. W. (2009). Experimental study on explosion suppression of vacuum chambers with different scales. Procedia Earth & Planetary Science, 1(1), 396–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wu, Z., Jiang, S., et al. (2012). Experimental study on the feasibility of explosion suppression by vacuum chambers. Safety Science, 50(4), 660–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. You, H., Yu, M., Zheng, L., & An, A. (2011). Study on Suppression of the Coal Dust/Methane/Air Mixture Explosion in Experimental Tube by Water Mist. Procedia Engineering, 26(1), 803–810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yu, Q. (1992). Prevention of coal mine methane (p. 162). Xuzhou: China University of Mining & Technology Press.Google Scholar
  45. Yu, M., Wang, T., You, H., & An, A. (2011). Study on the Effect of Thermal Property of Powder on the Gas Explosion Suppression. Procedia Engineering, 26(4), 1035–1042.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yuan, L., & Smith, A. C. (2011). Modeling the effect of barometric pressure changes on spontaneous heating in bleederless longwall panels. Denver: Transactions of the Society for Mining Metallurgy Exploration.Google Scholar
  47. Zabetakis, M. G., Lambiris, S., & Scott, G. S. (1959). The combustion of coal. In The 7th international symposiumon combustion (pp. 484). The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh.Google Scholar
  48. Zeman, F. (2008). Effect of steam hydration on performance of lime sorbent for CO 2 capture. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2(2), 203–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhang, R., Nie, B., He, X., Wang, C., Zhao, C., Dai, L., Li, Q., Liu, X., & Li, H. (2011). Different gas explosion mechanisms and explosion suppression techniques. Procedia Engineering, 26(4), 1467–1472.Google Scholar
  50. Zhou, L. (2009). Improvement of the mine fire simulation program MFIRE. Ph.D. Dissertation, West Virginia University, pp. 138.Google Scholar
  51. Zhou, X., & Wu, B. (1996). Theory of mine fire rescues and applications (p. 267). Beijing: Coal Mining Industry Press.Google Scholar
  52. Zipf, R. K., & Mohamed, K. M. (2010). Composition change model for sealed atmosphere in coal mines. In S. Hardcastle, & D.McKinnon (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th United States/North American Mine Ventilation Symposium (pp. 493–500). Laurentian University, Sudbury.Google Scholar
  53. Zipf, R. K., Sapko, M. J., & Brune, J. F. (2007). Explosion pressure design criteria for new seals in U.S. coal mines (pp. 76). Pittsburgh: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, IC9500.Google Scholar
  54. Zou, D. H. Panawalage, S. (2001). Passive and triggered explosion barriers in underground coal mines-a literature review of recent research. Report to CANMET Natural Resources Canada.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianwei Cheng
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Safety EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations