Advertisement

The Role and Rise of European Cross-Border Entities

  • Emily Lange
  • Iva Pires
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

To speak of the role and rise of European cross-border entities, some remarks must first be made in relation to territorial governance as such, as well as the complexity of territory and borders. After some introductory remarks on these themes, the rise of new forms of territorial governance in Europe is debated, which then follows with the description of the institutionalisation of European cross-border entities, and the progress from the Euroregion to the EGTC. To reflect upon the role of cross-border entities in the twenty-first century, the example of binational cities is used, to then close with some future recommendations. While one of the best contributions cross-border entities have made so far and may continue to make is in lobbying for a continued interest in the territorial dimension of European policy in the future, they should be more proactive, defining their own agenda, based on their own challenges, and involving all the social actors in their cross-border communities. This would make their solutions more contextual and their identity more established—even if this takes a longer period of time to accomplish.

Keywords

Cross-Border entities Cross-Border cooperation Euroregions EGTCs Binational cities 

References

  1. Anderson J (2002) Borders after 11 September 2001. Space Polity 6(2):227–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barca F (2009) An Agenda for a Reformed Cohesion Policy. A place-based approach to meeting European Union challenges and expectations. Independent Report at the request of Danuta Hübner, Commissioner for Regional PolicyGoogle Scholar
  3. Beltrán Garcia S (2008) Puesta a Punto de la Figura de la Agrupación Europea de Cooperación Territorial en el Ordenamiento Español, Más Fácil y Más Difícil? Revista da Eurorrexión Galicia-Norte de Portugal 13:23–38Google Scholar
  4. Biot V (2012) The European grouping for territorial cooperation (EGTC): which potential for a fruitful governance on the EU territory. In: 52nd congress of the european regional science association: “regions in motion—breaking the path”. Regional Science Association, Bratislava, SlovakiaGoogle Scholar
  5. Boijmans P (2014) Administrative capacity building linked to the management of ESI Funds. DG - Regional and Urban Policy, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  6. Boman J, Berg E (2007) Identity and institutions shaping cross-border cooperation at the margins of the European Union. Regional Federal Stud 17(2):195–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brenner N, Elden S (2009) Henri Lefebvre on State, Space, Territory. Int Political Sociol 3:353–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Buursink J (2001) The binational reality of border-crossing cities. GeoJournal 54:7–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Castells M (2004) The network society. a cross-cultural perspective. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  10. Chilla T, Sielker F, Othengrafen F (2017) Governance diffusion in Europe—the EGTC tool and its spatial implementation patterns. Working Paper No.2Google Scholar
  11. CoR (2017) EGTC Monitoring report 2016 and impacts of Schengen area crisis on the work of EGTCs. European Committee of the RegionsGoogle Scholar
  12. Davoudi S, Evans N, Governa F, Santangelo M (2008) Territorial governance in the making. Approaches, methodologies, practices. Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles 46:33–52Google Scholar
  13. Domínguez L, Pires I (2015) EU Cross-border cooperation. historical balance and future perspectives. In Domínguez L, Pires I (eds) Cross-border cooperation structures in Europe. Learning from the past, looking to the future, (Eurociclio Studies and Documents No. 82 ed.). P.I.E. Peter Lang, Brussels, pp 23–48Google Scholar
  14. Ehlers G (2007) The binational city Eurode. The social legitimacy of a border-crossing town. PhD Thesis, Radboud Universiteit, NijmegenGoogle Scholar
  15. Ehlers N (2001) The utopia of the binational city. GeoJournal 54:21–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Eskelinen H, Kotilainen J (2005) A vision of a Twin City: exploring the only case of adjacent urban settlements at the Finnish-Russian Border. J Borderland Stud 20(2):31–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. ESPON (2006) Governance of Territorial Urban Policies from EU to Local Level. Project 2.3.2. ESPONGoogle Scholar
  18. Evrard E (2016) The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC): towards a Supraregional Scale of Governance in the Greater Region SaarLorLux? Geopolitics 21(3):513–537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Faludi A (2012) Multi-level (Territorial) Governance: three criticisms. Plann Theory Practice 13(2):197–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Flash Eurobarometer 452 (2017) Citizen’s awareness and perceptions of EU regional policy. Survey conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of the European Commission, June 2017Google Scholar
  21. Gualini E (2003) Cross-border governance: inventing regions in a transnational multi-level polity. disP Plann Rev 39(152):43–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Häkli J (2008) Re-bordering spaces. In: Cox K, Low M, Robinson J (eds) The SAGE handbook of political geography. SAGE Publications, London, pp 475–476 Google Scholar
  23. Heddebaut O (2001) The binational cities of Dover and Calais and their region. GeoJournal 54:61–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Herrschel T, Tallberg P (2011) Introduction—regions, “Fuzziness” of opportunity? In: Herrschel T, Tallberg P (eds) The Role of Regions? Networks, Scale, Territory. Kristianstads Boktryckeri, Sweden, pp 7–19Google Scholar
  25. Interact (2017) Ideas for INTERREG post-2020—Cross-border programmes Report, May 2017Google Scholar
  26. Jessop B (2013) Hollowing Out the “Nation-State” and Multi-Level Governance. In: Kennet P. (ed) A Handbook of Comparative Social Policy. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp 11–26Google Scholar
  27. Knippschild R (2009) Benchmarking cross-border cooperation—the role of successful border regions for territorial cohesion and the need for comparison, criteria and indicators of cooperation. TERRA SPECTRA. Plann Stud 1:13–18Google Scholar
  28. Kramsch O (2007) Querying cosmopolis at the borders of Europe. Environ Plann A 39:1582–1600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kramsch OT (2002) Reimagining the scalar topologies of cross-border governance: Eu(ro)regions in the post-colonial present. Space Polity 6(2):169–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lange E (2015) A Cooperação Transfronteiriça como Oportunidade de Desenvolvimento das Regiões de Fronteira. Da Raia Ibérica à Euroregião Galiza-Norte de Portugal (Tese de Doutoramento em Geografia Humana). Braga: Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade do MinhoGoogle Scholar
  31. Lange E (2017) Espessura Institucional Transfronteiriça: da Raia Ibérica à Galiza Norte de Portugal. Geopolític(as). Revista de estudios sobre espacio y poder 8(2):51–89. (in press)Google Scholar
  32. Lange E, Pires I (2015) From ‘sensed’ to ‘complex’: some reflections on borders throughout history’. Space Polity 19(3):293–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lee R (1990) Making Europe: towards a geography of European integration. In: Chisholm M, Smith DM (edds) Shared space: divided space. Essays on Conflict and Territorial Organisation. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  34. Lundén T, Zalamans D (2001) Local co-operation, ethnic diversity and state territoriality—the case of Haparanda and Tornio on the Sweden—Finland border. GeoJournal 54:33–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Marks G (1993) Structural Policy and Multilevel Governance in the EC. In: Cafruny AW (ed) The state of the european community, vol 2. Harlow Longman, Boulder Col, pp 391–410Google Scholar
  36. Martinez AA (2014) Towards a new generation of european groupings of territorial cooperation. Euro Struct Investment Funds J 2:89–100Google Scholar
  37. Medeiros E (2010) Old vs. Recent cross-border cooperation: Portugal-Spain and Sweden-Norway. AREA 42(4):434–443Google Scholar
  38. Nadalutti E (2013) Does the ‘European Grouping of Territorial Co-operation’ Promote Multi-level Governance within the European Union? J Common Market Stud 51(4):756–771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Newman D (2010) Territory, compartments and borders: avoiding the trap of the territorial trap. Geopolitics 15(4):773–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Newman D (2006) The Resilience of Territorial Conflict in an Era of Globalization. In: Kahler M, Walter BF (eds) Territoriality and Conflict in an Era of Globalization. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 85–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. O’Dowd L (2002) The Changing Significance of European Borders. Region Federal Stud 12(4):13–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ohmae K (1995) End of the Nation State. The Rise of Regional Economics. Harper Collins Publishers, LondonGoogle Scholar
  43. Paasi A (2003) Boundaries in a Globalizing World. In: Anderson K, Domosh M, Pile S, Thrift N (eds) Handbook of Cultural Geography. SAGE Publications, London, pp 462–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Paasi A (1991) Deconstructing regions: notes on the scales of spatial life. Environ Plann A 23:239–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Perkmann M (1999) Building Governance Institutions Across European Borders. Reg Stud 33(7):657–667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Perkmann M (2002) Euroregions: institutional entrepreneurship in the European Union. In: Perkmann M, Sum N (eds) Globalization, regionalisation, and cross-border regions. Palgrave MacMillan, Basingstoke, pp 113–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Pires I (2015) Portugal-Spain: Olivença. In Brunet-Jailly E, (ed) Border Disputes. A Global Encyclopedia, vol 1. ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, California, pp 394–404Google Scholar
  48. Popescu G (2008) The conflicting logics. Political Geogr 27:418–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Schmidt TD (2005) Cross-border regional enlargement in Oresund. GeoJournal 64:249–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Schultz H (2009) Twin towns on the border as laboratories of European integration. Mobile borders between the mediterranean and the continents around it, XVIII. Isig Journal 3–4:157–166Google Scholar
  51. Smith DM (1990) Introduction: the sharing and dividing of geographical space. In: Chisholm M, Smith DM (eds) Shared Space: Divided Space: Essays on Conflict and Territorial Organisation. Unwyn Hyman, LondonGoogle Scholar
  52. Special Eurobarometer (2016) Future of Europe. Report. Survey conducted by TNS Opinion & Political at the request of the European Commission. December 2016Google Scholar
  53. Strüver A (2004) We are only Allowed to Re-act, not to Act. In: Kramsch O, Hooper B (eds) Cross-Border Governance in the European Union. Routledge, London, pp 25–40Google Scholar
  54. Trillo-Santamaría JM, Lois González RC, Valerià Paül C (2015) Ciudades que cruzan la frontera. Cuadernos Geográficos 54(1):160–185Google Scholar
  55. Trillo-Santamaría JM (2014) Cross-Border Regions: The Gap Between the Elite’s Projects and People’s Awareness. Reflections from the Galicia-North Portugal Euroregion. J Borderland Studies, 29(2):257–273Google Scholar
  56. Van Houtum H (2000) An overview of european geographical research on borders and border regions. J Borderland Stud XV 1:57–83Google Scholar
  57. Van Houtum H (2010) Waiting before the Law: Kafka on the Border. Social Legal Stud 19(3):285–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Van Houtum H, Ernste H (2001) Re-imagining spaces of (in)difference: contextualising and reflecting on the intertwining of cities across borders. GeoJournal 54:101–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Williams E, Van der Velde M (2005) Borders for a New Europe: between history and new challenges. J Borderland Stud 20(2):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Xenos-Gavrielis V (2014) EGTC, the new Regulation and National Authorities. Personal Communication, BrusselsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NOVA Lisbon UniversityLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations