Introduction to Hypernuclear Experiments, and Hypernuclear Spectroscopy with Heavy Ion Beams

Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 948)

Abstract

The information on a hypernucleus, a bound nuclear system with hyperon(s), contributes essentially to understand the baryon-baryon interaction under the flavoured-SU(3) symmetry. After the discovery of the first event of hypernuclear production and decay in 1952, hypernuclei have been studied extensively with cosmic-rays, secondary meson beams and primary electron beams from accelerators facilities mainly at CERN, BNL, KEK, LNF-INFN, JLab, MAMI C and J-PARC. With these experiments, many interesting properties of hypernuclei have been revealed. Hypernuclei can also be produced by using heavy ion induced reactions. Experiments at LBL and JINR were performed with heavy ion beams bombarded on fixed targets to produce hypernuclei as projectile-like fragments, while the STAR and ALICE collaborations produced and identified hypertriton and anti-hypertriton at mid-rapidity by colliding ultra-relativistic heavy ion beams. Hypernuclear experiments with heavy ion beams bombarding a fixed target have been extended by the HypHI collaboration at GSI, and hypernuclear final states produced by the 6Li +12C reaction at 2 A GeV have been successfully studied in the HypHI experiment. The method will be also extended by employing a forward spectrometer with an excellent momentum resolution such as FRS at FAIR Phase 0 (GSI) and super-FRS at FAIR Phase 1. In this article, a brief overview of former hypernuclear experiments with cosmic-rays, secondary meson beams and primary electron beams will be presented and discussed. An overview of hypernuclear experiments with heavy ion beams will also be given. Then, details of the HypHI experiment will be discussed as well as future plans at FAIR Phase 0 (GSI) and Phase 1 will be briefly summarized.

References

  1. 1.
    P.B. Demorest et al., Nature 467, 1081 (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Danysz, J. Pniewski, Phil. Mag. 44, 348 (1953)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.H. Davis, Hypernuclei. Contemp. Phys. 27(2), 91 (1986)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.A. Faessler et al., Phys. Lett. B 46, 468 (1973)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hotchi et al., Phys. Rev. C 64, 044302 (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    FINUDA Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B 622, 35 (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S.N. Nakamura et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 012502 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Juric et al., Nucl. Phys. B 52, 1 (1973)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Esser et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 232501 (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Bohm et al., Nucl. Phys. B 4, 511 (1968)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. Gajewski et al., Nucl. Phys. B 1, 105 (1967)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R.H. Dalitz, A. Gal, Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 116, 167 (1978)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D.J. Millener et al., Phys. Rev. C 31, 499 (1985)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Tamura et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5963 (2000)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Akikawa et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 082501 (2002)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Ma et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 33, 243 (2007)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Ukai et al., Phys. Rev. C 77, 054315 (2008)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Ukai et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 23250 (2004)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    T.O. Yamamoto et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 222501 (2015)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Bedjidian et al., Phys. Lett. B 62, 467 (1976)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Bedjidian et al., Phys. Lett. B 83, 252 (1979)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    H. Takahashi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 212502 (2001)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.K. Ahn et al., Phys. Rev. C 88, 014003 (2013)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    K. Nakazawa et al., Prog. Theor. Exp. Phys. 2015, 033D02 (2015)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    O. Hashimoto, H. Tamura, Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 57, 564 (2006)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A.K. Kerman, M.S. Weiss, Phys. Rev. C 8, 408 (1973)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    T. Gaitanos et al., Phys. Lett. B 675, 297 (2009)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    K. Nield et al., Phys. Rev. C 13, 1263 (1976)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. Abdurakhimov et al., Nuovo Cimento A 102, 645 (1989)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    S. Avramenko et al., Nucl. Phys. A 547, 95c (1992)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Wakai et al., Phys. Rev. C 38, 748 (1988)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Sano, M. Wakai, Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 117, 99 (1994)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    T. Armstrong et al., Phys. Rev. C 70, 024902 (2004)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    STAR Collaboration, Science 328, 58 (2010)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    ALICE Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B 754, 360 (2016)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
    H. Kamada et al., Phys. Rev. C 57, 1595 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    T. Saito et al., Nucl. Phys. A 881, 218 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    C. Rappold et al., Nucl. Phys. A 913, 170 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    C. Rappold et al., Phys. Lett. B 728, 543 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    C. Rappold et al., Phys. Lett. B 747, 129 (2015)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    C. Rappold et al., Phys. Rev. C 88, 041001(R) (2013)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    ALADiN Collaboration, Proposal for a forward spectrometer at the 4π detector, GSI Report 88-08, GSI Darmstadt (1988)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    D. Nakajima et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 608, 287 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    S. Minami et al., GSI Scientific Report (2007), p. 223Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    S. Minami et al., GSI Scientific Report (2008), p. 52Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    C. Rappold et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 622, 231 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    R.J. Prem, P.H. Steinberg, Phys. Rev. 136, B1803 (1964)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    G. Keyes et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 20, 819 (1968)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    R.E. Phillips, J. Schneps, Phys. Rev. 180, 1307 (1969)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    G. Bohm et al., Nucl. Phys. B 16, 46 (1970)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    G. Keyes et al., Phys. Rev. D 1, 66 (1970)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    G. Keyes et al., Nucl. Phys. B 67, 269 (1973)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    N. Crayton et al., in Proceedings, 11th International Conference on High Energy Physics, 1962, p. 460Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Y.W. Kang et al., Phys. Rev. 139, B401 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    H. Outa et al., Nucl. Phys. A 585, 109 (1995)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    C. Rappold et al., in Proceedings of HYP2015 (2015)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Y. Xu for the STAR Collaboration, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Hypernuclear and Strange Particle Physics (HYP2015), JPS Conference Proceedings, p. 021005 (2017)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    S. Bass et. al., Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 41, 255 (1998)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    M. Bleicher et al., J. Phys. G Nucl. Part. 25, 1859 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    M. Merschmeyer, Ph.D. thesis, University of Heidelberg (2004), 104 ppGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    H. Petersen et al., arXiv:0805.0567 (2008)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    E. Bratkovskaya et al., Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 53, 225 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    E.L. Bratkovskaya et al., Phys. Rev. C 69, 054907 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    K. Dey, B. Bhattacharjee, Phys. Rev. C 89, 054910 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    N. Abgrall et al., NA61/SHINE Collaboration, Phys. Rev. C 89, 025205 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    G. Agakishiev et al., Eur. Phys. J. A (ISSN1434-6001) 50 (2014)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    A. Sanchez Lorente et al., Phys. Lett. B 697, 222 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    A. Gal, H. Garcilazo, Phys. Lett. B 736, 93 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    E. Hiyama et al., Phys. Rev. C 89, 061302(R) (2014)Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    H. Garcilazo, A. Valcarce, Phys. Rev. C 89, 057001 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    J.M. Richard et al., Phys. Rev. C 91, 014003 (2015)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    S. Piano on Behalf of ALICE Collaboration, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Hypernuclear and Strange Particle Physics (HYP2015), JPS Conference Proceedings, p. 021004 (2017)Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    J. Aysto et al., The Super-FRS Collaboration, in Proceeding Conference Advances in Radioactive Isotope Science (ARIS2014), JPS Conf. Proc. 6, 020035 (2015)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    H. Geissel et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 70, 286 (1992)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    H. Geissel et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 204, 71 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion ResearchDarmstadtGermany

Personalised recommendations