Seismic Risk Assessment of Romania
This paper summarizes the UTCB results for the “National Risk Assessment—RO RISK” project. Within the RO-RISK project, coordinated by the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations, the first nation-wide assessment of all types of natural risks was performed in 2016. The work was supported by collaboration of disaster reduction experts and earthquake risk modelling specialists from INFP and URBAN-INCERC. The seismic risk assessment was performed for the entire country, at the most detailed resolution available, which is the administrative-territorial unit. For each building typology, four limit states were considered in order to generate fragility curves. Each limit state is associated with a loss percentage, in order to generate vulnerability curves. The assessment shows that among the 10 analysed hazards, the seismic hazard produces the largest impact at country level, 75% of the population and 45% of the vital networks are exposed to moderate and high earthquake risk and Romania’s capital Bucharest, is highly exposed to earthquakes.
KeywordsBuildings Population Networks Hazard Earthquake scenario Losses
This research was performed within the framework of the RO-RISK research project “National Risk Assessment—RO RISK”—(SIPOCA code: 30), co-financed under EFS through the Operational Program Administrative Capacity 2014–2020 and under the coordination of the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations.
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