Ramon Llull’s Ars Magna

  • Thessa JensenEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10671)


The Ars Magna of Ramon Llull must be seen as one of the first attempts to formalize language, thought processes, and creating a basis for rational discussions. It consists of so-called principles, concepts, which are defined and combined through the use of four main figures. These are explained and an example of their application is given. Llull’s contribution and influences are shown and traced through history. Finally, an overview is given of computer science related fields in which Llull’s ideas have had or could have had valid contributions.


Ramon Llull Ars Magna Conceptual systems 


  1. 1.
    Bonner, A.: Doctor Illuminatus: A Ramon Llull Reader. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1993)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Platzeck, E.W.: Das Leben des seligen Raimund Lull: die “Vita Coetanea” und ausgewählte Texte sum Leben Lulls aus seinen Werken und Zeitdoumenten. Patmos-Verlag (1964)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lullus, R.: Ars Generalis Ultima. Minerva GmbH (1970)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Colomer, E.: Nikolaus von Kues und Raimund Llull - aud den Handschriften der Kueser Bibliothek. Walther de Gruyter & Co., Berlin (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bonner, A.: Der neue Weg Ramon Llull. In: Llull, R. (ed.) Buch vom Heiden und den drei Weisen, pp. 26–31. Verlag Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau (1996)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yates, F.: Lull and Bruno, vol. 1. Collected Essays. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London (1982)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schmidt-Biggeman, W.: Topica Universalis. Felix Meiner Verlag, Hamburg (1983)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Couturat, L. (ed.): Opuscules et fragments inèdits de Leibniz. Georg Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, Hildesheim (1966)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sowa, J.F.: Conceptual graphs as universal knowledge representation. Comput. Math Appl. 23(2–5), 75–93 (1992)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sørensen, C.G., Sørensen, M.G.: The conceptual pond–A persuasive tool for quantifiable qualitative assessment. In: Emerging Research and Trends in Interactivity and the Human-Computer Interface. IGI Global (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fidora, A., Sierra, C. (eds.): Ramon Llull: From the Ars Magna to Artificial Intelligence. Artificial Intelligence Research Institute, Barcelona (2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark

Personalised recommendations