Science and Knowledge Production for Climate Change Adaptation: Challenges and Opportunities
After more than two decades of consistent messages emanating from the scientific community that the climate is changing, there is now recognized urgency for both climate change mitigation and adaptation. Addressing climate change is not a straightforward task with the International Panel on Climate Change calling for substantial and widespread transformational change (IPCC in Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC 5th Assessment Report—Changes to the Underlying Scientific/Technical Assessment, 2014). To enable such transformational change, there needs to be significant advances in scientific, political, and social practice (Gillard et al. in Wiley Interdisc Rev Climate Change, 7:251–265, 2016). At the center of advancements lies the role of interdisciplinary research, including interactions between scientists and citizens or representatives of entities at risk (cities, ocean, biodiversity, climate).
The preparation of this book was inspired by two sessions on Information for Decision-making (4418a—how to engage in future thinking or plan for the long term, and 4418b—improve availability, access and use of information) held at the Our Common Future under Climate Change Conference, Paris, July 2015 (http://www.commonfuture-paris2015.org/). We thank all the authors for their contributions and willingness to provide valuable insights into advancing climate change adaptation and mitigation.
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