Dragging up the Past: Subversive Performance of Gender and Sexual Identities in Traditional and Contemporary Irish Culture
Woods places contemporary drag performance in Ireland within the historical context of dissident, subversive elements of Irish popular culture. The chapter examines drag performance within the Irish LGBT movement as a performative practice that queers dominant and intersecting discourses on gender, sexuality and national identity while also reinflecting Bakhtin’s conception of the carnivalesque. In exploring traditional wake games, Woods highlights resonances between critical drag performance and aspects of traditional Irish popular culture. The chapter illustrates that—in their re-imagination of social, sexual and gender identities—the traditional Irish wake and contemporary drag practice constitute parallel aspects of Irish popular culture, serving as performative expressions issuing from the margins that destabilise dominant understandings of dominant social, gender and sexual subjectivities.
- Anon. “Alphabet Soup: Labels and Empowerment.” Thinking About Now (weblog), 1 February 2010. https://thinkingaboutnow.wordpress.com/2010/02/01/alphabet-soup-labels-and-empowerment/, accessed 7 November 2015.
- Bakhtin, Mikhail. Rabelais and His World. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.Google Scholar
- Berlant, Lauren, and Michael Warner. “Sex in Public.” Critical Inquiry 24, no. 2 (1998): 547–66.Google Scholar
- Binchy, Daniel A. “The Fair of Tailtiu and the Feast of Tara.” Ériu 18 (1958): 113–38.Google Scholar
- Bliss, Panti. “‘Noble Call’ Speech.” Abbey Theatre, 1 February 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WXayhUzWnl0, accessed 5 November 2015.
- Bourke, Angela. “The Irish Traditional Lament and the Grieving Process.” Women’s Studies International Forum 11, no. 4 (1988): 287–91.Google Scholar
- Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of ‘Sex’. New York: Routledge, 1993.Google Scholar
- ———. “Merely Cultural.” Social Text 52–3 (1997): 265–77.Google Scholar
- ———. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1999.Google Scholar
- Cohen, Cathy. “Punks, Bulldaggers and Welfare Queens: The Radical Potential of Queer Politics?.” In Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, eds. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae Henderson, 21–51. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005.Google Scholar
- Elkink, Johan A., et al. “Understanding the 2015 Marriage Referendum in Ireland: Context, Campaign, and Conservative Ireland.” Irish Political Studies 31, no. 3 (2016): 1–21.Google Scholar
- Fortier, Anne-Marie. “Re-Membering Places and the Performance of Belonging(s).” In Performativity and Belonging, ed. Vikki Bell, 41–64. London: Sage, 1999.Google Scholar
- Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. London: Vintage, 1977.Google Scholar
- Fraser, Nancy. “Pragmatism, Feminism and the Linguistic Turn.” In Feminist Contentions: A Philosophical Exchange, eds. Seyla Benhabib, et al., 157–72. New York: Routledge, 1995.Google Scholar
- Ging, Debbie. “All-Consuming Images: New Gender Formations in Post-Celtic-Tiger Ireland.” In Transforming Ireland: Challenges, Critiques and Resources, eds. Debbie Ging, Peadar Kirby and Michael Cronin, 52–72. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
- Horgan, Conor, Dir. The Queen of Ireland. Blinder Films, 2015.Google Scholar
- Lee, Marti D., and Ed Madden, eds. Irish Studies: Geographies and Genders. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2008.Google Scholar
- Lloyd, David. Anomalous States: Irish Writing and the Postcolonial Movement. Dublin: Lilliput, 1993.Google Scholar
- Luibhéid, Eithne. “Nationalist Heterosexuality, Migrant (Il)legality and Irish Citizenship Law.” The South Atlantic Quarterly 110, no. 1 (2011): 179–204.Google Scholar
- Magennis, Caroline, and Raymond Mullen, eds. Irish Masculinities: Reflections on Literature and Culture. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2011.Google Scholar
- Murphy, Yvonne. “The Marriage Equality Referendum 2015.” Irish Political Studies 31, no. 2 (2016): 315–30.Google Scholar
- Neary, Aoife. “Civil Partnership and Marriage: LGBT-Q Political Pragmatism and the Normalization Imperative.” Sexualities 19, no. 7 (2016): 757–79.Google Scholar
- Ó Crualaoich, Gearóid. “The Merry Wake.” In Irish Popular Culture 1650–1850, eds. James S. Donnelly and Kerby A. Miller, 173–200. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1998.Google Scholar
- Ó Dónaill, Niall. Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla/Irish-English Dictionary. Baile Átha Cliath: An Gúm, 1998. http://www.teanglann.ie/en/fgb/ait, accessed 15 November 2015.
- Ó Laoire, Lillis. On a Rock in the Middle of the Ocean: Songs and Singers on Tory Island. Conamara: ClóIar-Chonnachta, 2005.Google Scholar
- Ó Súilleabháin, Seán. Irish Wake Amusements. Cork: Mercier, 1967.Google Scholar
- Prim, John G.A. “Olden Popular Pastimes in Kilkenny.” Transactions of the Kilkenny Archaeological Society 2, no. 2 (1853): 319–35.Google Scholar
- Somerville, Siobhan. “Queer.” In Keywords for American Cultural Studies, eds. Bruce Burgett and Glenn Hendler. New York: New York University Press, 2007. http://keywords.nyupress.org/american-cultural-studies/essay/queer/, accessed 15 November 2015.
- Wood-Martin, William Gregory. Traces of the Elder Faiths of Ireland: A Folklore Sketch, a Handbook of Irish Pre-Christian Traditions. Vol. 1. London: Kennikat, 1902.Google Scholar
- Zhuang, Zara. “Panti Bliss, Garda Whistleblowers Named People of the Year.” The Irish Times, 8 December 2014. http://www.irishtimes.com/news/social-affairs/panti-bliss-garda-whistleblowers-named-people-of-the-year-1.2028917, accessed 17 November 2015.