Management of the Facial Nerve

  • Natalie L. Silver
  • Matthew L. Bush
  • Jeffrey N. Myers
Chapter

Abstract

Malignancies affecting the facial nerve are most commonly caused by advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, primary temporal bone cancer, and primary or metastatic lesions of the parotid gland. Perineural spread along the facial nerve and preoperative facial nerve weakness are ominous findings and portend a poor prognosis. Treatment often requires aggressive multimodality management. Surgery, in resectable cases, followed by adjuvant radiation, is the primary treatment for temporal bone malignancies that involve the facial nerve. Careful preoperative planning and multidisciplinary management are imperative to maximize both oncologic and functional outcomes.

Keywords

Temporal bone cancer Perineural invasion Perineural spread Facial nerve management Parotidectomy Squamous cell carcinoma of the external ear Parotid gland cancer 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalie L. Silver
    • 1
  • Matthew L. Bush
    • 2
  • Jeffrey N. Myers
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology — Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of Kentucky Medical CenterLexingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Head and Neck SurgeryThe University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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