Open Common Bile Duct Exploration

  • David W. Rattner


Open common bile duct exploration is a useful method of treating choledocholithiasis. Indications include lack of endoscopic access to the ampulla, large calculi, and concurrent procedure in patient undergoing laparotomy. This chapter describes the principles and methods for performing an open common bile duct exploration.


Choledocholithiasis Common bile duct exploration T-tube Choledochoscopy Hepatobiliary surgery Obstructive jaundice 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of General and Gastrointestinal SurgeryMassachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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