Advertisement

Relationship Between Smart City Drivers and Socially Cohesive Societies

  • Ayodeji E. Oke
  • Clinton O. Aigbavboa
  • Taniele K. Cane
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 37)

Abstract

The awareness, adoption and practice of smart city system has been on the increase among developers, regulators and other stakeholders of city planning and development. This study examines the relationship between drivers of smart cities and social inclusion of citizens in the societies with a view to enhancing urban citizens’ identification and willingness to share skills and knowledge. Relevant literature materials relating to smart city concept and social cohesion were reviewed and variables obtained were further examined through the administration of questionnaires to experts and professionals concerned with the planning, development and regulation of cities. Majority of the respondents are willing to share knowledge and skills among themselves and prefers to be identified as an individual rather than by their race, gender or ethnicity. The study also assess the importance of the six smart city drivers. Therefore, smart city model, which is an urban design mechanism, has the capacity and capabilities to re-form and modify any environment provided the correct and rigid frameworks are built, adopted and properly followed.

Keywords

Smart city Smart technology Social cohesion Sustainable construction 

References

  1. 1.
    Harrison, C., Donnelly, I.A.: A Theory of Smart Cities. IBM, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Letaifa, S.B.: How to strategize smart cities: revealing the smart model. J. Bus. Res. 68(14), 1415–1419 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Berrone, P., Ricart, J.E.: IESE: Cities in motion index 2016. IESE, University of Navarra Business School, New York, USA (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    City of Johannesburg 2016. City of Johannesburg. http://www.joburg.org.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10522&catid=88&Itemid=226. Accessed 28 July 2016
  5. 5.
    Sha, R., Sonn, H.: The quest for smart cities: utilities management. IMIESA 40(7), 24–29 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Giffinger, R.: Smart Cities- Ranking of European Medium Size Cities. Centre of Regional Science, Vienna (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Das, D.K., Burger, E., Eromobor, S.: Indicative planning perspectives for development of Bloemfontein as a smart city in South Africa. Interim: Interdiscip. J. 11(1), 1–16 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality 2012. Joburg 2040: Growth and development strategy (GDS 2040). Johannesburg, Gauteng: City of Johannesburg Metropolitan MunicipalityGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Urzua, R.: International migration: Globalisation. UNESCO: International social science, 165421 (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs 2012. United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/news/policy/perspectives-on-social-cohesion.html. Accessed 23 June 2016
  11. 11.
    Abrahams, C.: 20 years of social cohesion and nation-building in South Africa. J. South African Stud. 42(1), 95–96-107 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    South African Department of Arts and Culture 2012. A national strategy for developing an inclusive and a cohesive South African society. Pretoria, Gauteng: Department: Arts and Culture-Republic of South AfricaGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mosselson, A., Peberdy, S.: Gauteng city-region observatory quality of life survey 2015: 4. Headspace and happiness. Pretoria, South Africa: Gauteng City-Region Observatory (2016)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bruhn, J.G.: Chapter 2: Concept of Social Cohesion. In: The Group Effect Social Cohesion and Health Outcomes, 1st edn., pp. 31–48. Springer Science and Business Media, LCC, United Kingdom, Europe (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Angelidou, M.: Smart cities: A conjuncture of four forces. Cities, 4795-96-102 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hall, P., Tewdwr-Jones, M.: Chapter 3: The seers: pioneer thinkers in urban planning, from 1880 to 1945. In: Urban and Regional Planning, 5th edn., p. 32. Routledge, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kallipoliti, L.: Cloud colonies: Electronic urbanism and takes zenetos’ city of the future in the 1960s, pp. 1678–1685 (2014)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Aurigi, A.: New technology, same dilemmas: Policy and design issues for the augmented city. J. Urban Technol. 13(3), 5–28 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Crang, M., Graham, S.: Sentient cities: Ambient intelligent and the politics of urban space. Inf. Commun. Soc. 10(6), 789–817 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hollands, R.G.: Will the real smart city please stand up? City 12(3), 303–310 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Komninos, N.: Intelligent cities: variable geometries of spatial intelligence. Intell. Build. Int. 3(3), 172 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
    South African Cities Network 2016. State of south african cities report 2016. Johannesburg, Gauteng: South African Cities Network (SACN) (2016)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Alfano, A., Amitrano, C.C., Bifulco, F.: The 3rd Electronic Interdisciplinary Conference held in Italy: EIIC Interdisciplinary Conference (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations