The Cost of Unpaid Labour in Transport Enterprises

  • Michał Suchanek
  • Adam Mytlewski
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)


Unpaid labour is one of the most important occurrences when it comes to the analysis of economic efficiency, especially in micro-, small and medium enterprises. The article presents the main methods for the evaluation of unpaid labour which are then used to analyse the data collected from a number of transport SMEs in order to establish the nature and extent of unpaid labour in Polish transport enterprises. Contingency analysis and ANOVA are used to determine whether the scale of the unpaid labour varies depending on the sector and size of the enterprise.


Unpaid labour Transport enterprises 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of GdańskGdańskPoland

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