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Protection of Critical Assets from the Effects of Ground Vibrations

  • Brad Pridham
  • Nick Walters
Conference paper
Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)

Abstract

The approaches to control of vibrations in critical science, technology, and healthcare facilities focus on three key elements: (1) the vibration source; (2) the vibration path; and, (3) the vibration receiver. Techniques for modelling, assessment, and control vary depending on the nature of the vibration disturbance. Among the most challenging sources to control are ground motions generated by construction activities and/or heavy industrial processes that contaminate the site environment near vibration-sensitive facilities.

In this paper we discuss recommended approaches to control and management of the effects of ground vibration effects on ultra-sensitive research facilities. Approaches to design assessments and concepts for control are presented, with focus placed on management of the source, characterization of the path, and treatment of the vibration receiver. Illustrative examples and key findings from field testing, modelling, and monitoring are presented from a project involving a research facility located next to a construction site. A discussion on current challenges is provided together with suggestions for future research.

Keywords

Construction vibration Hospital Pile driving Vivarium Microscopy 

References

  1. 1.
    Amick, H., Gendreau, M., Busch, T., Gordon, C.: Evolving criteria for research facilities: I – Vibration. In: Proceedings of SPIE Conference 5933: Buildings for Nanoscale Research and Beyond, San Diego (2005)Google Scholar
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    Transit Noise and Vibration Impact Assessment, Federal Transit Administration (FTA), Technical Report No. FTA-VA-90-1003-06, May 2006Google Scholar
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    Dowding, C.: Construction Vibrations, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River (2000)Google Scholar
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    Carman, R., et al.: Vibration effects on laboratory mice during building construction. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1121/1.2935010

Copyright information

© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Novus Environmental Inc.GuelphCanada

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