Bridge and Islandscape: Questions for Sustainability and Resilience of Island Societies in Korea and Japan
Recently, as the urbanization index of the Korean islands has increased due to the construction of the bridge, it has become a different situation from the island environment. These situations are very diverse, including but not limited to the frequent occurrences of the livestock, and human life accidents due to the increase of the motor vehicles, the increase of the thefts of agricultural and fisheries products, environmental damages (including the landscape damages) due to the development of the lodges, the increase of side effects due to the attraction of the tourists who exceed the environmental accommodation capability of the island (the insufficiency of water and the increase of the wastes and contaminating substances), the inflow of the exotic plans by the motor vehicles, etc. The thing that is more important than anything else is that the human relationships between the island residents have been breaking and the community consciousness has been disappearing. Also, with the exchanges getting more frequent between the people living on the land and tourists, the cultural homogeneity of the island and the land and the uniformity of the island culture have been proceeded with. Although it can be said that the land-connecting bridge project is a long-cherished desired project of the island residents, the political background cannot be ignored as well, including the creation of the profits through the virtuous mind policies of the local government and the large-scale civil engineering projects and others of similar nature.
I would like to thank Professor Nobukazu Nakagoshi for developing philosophy of landscape ecology and its extension to islandscape. I also express my sincere thanks to all colleagues from Hiroshima University, Japan and Mokpo National University, Korea for their comments and discussion about landscape research. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (NRF-2009-361-A00007).
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