Advertisement

Bridge and Islandscape: Questions for Sustainability and Resilience of Island Societies in Korea and Japan

  • Sun-Kee Hong
Chapter

Abstract

Recently, as the urbanization index of the Korean islands has increased due to the construction of the bridge, it has become a different situation from the island environment. These situations are very diverse, including but not limited to the frequent occurrences of the livestock, and human life accidents due to the increase of the motor vehicles, the increase of the thefts of agricultural and fisheries products, environmental damages (including the landscape damages) due to the development of the lodges, the increase of side effects due to the attraction of the tourists who exceed the environmental accommodation capability of the island (the insufficiency of water and the increase of the wastes and contaminating substances), the inflow of the exotic plans by the motor vehicles, etc. The thing that is more important than anything else is that the human relationships between the island residents have been breaking and the community consciousness has been disappearing. Also, with the exchanges getting more frequent between the people living on the land and tourists, the cultural homogeneity of the island and the land and the uniformity of the island culture have been proceeded with. Although it can be said that the land-connecting bridge project is a long-cherished desired project of the island residents, the political background cannot be ignored as well, including the creation of the profits through the virtuous mind policies of the local government and the large-scale civil engineering projects and others of similar nature.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Professor Nobukazu Nakagoshi for developing philosophy of landscape ecology and its extension to islandscape. I also express my sincere thanks to all colleagues from Hiroshima University, Japan and Mokpo National University, Korea for their comments and discussion about landscape research. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (NRF-2009-361-A00007).

References

  1. Hong SK (2008) What we can do for island culture research? Ecological imagination and multi-disciplinary communication. Isl Cult 32:123–156 (In Korean)Google Scholar
  2. Hong SK (2011) Studies on ecogeography and sustainability of Island. Isl Cult 37:243–265 (In Korean)Google Scholar
  3. Hong SK, Kim JE (2011) Ecological value and sustainable use of natural resources of islands in South-Western Korea. Isl Cult 38:331–358 (In Korean)Google Scholar
  4. Kim JE (2013) Sustainable maritime and island policy in the national territory. Isl Cult 41:305–327 (In Korean)Google Scholar
  5. Kim JE (2016) Land use patterns and landscape structures on the islands in Jeonnam Province’s Shinan County occasioned by the construction of mainland bridges. J Mar Isl Cult 5:53–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kim JE, Hong SK (2007) Understanding of islands in the landscape ecological aspect-theory and application of island biogeography. Isl Cult 30:39–54 (In Korean)Google Scholar
  7. MacArthur RH, Wilson EO (1967) The theory of island biogeography. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  8. Park SH (2016) A strategic approach to policy tasks for the development of Korea’s island areas. J Mar Isl Cult 5:14–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Whittaker RJ, Fernandez-Palacios JM (2007) Island biogeography-ecology, evolution, and conservation. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institution for Marine & Island CulturesMokpo National UniversityMokpo, JeonnamKorea

Personalised recommendations