Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Groundwater Quality in Selangor, Malaysia

  • Shazwin Mat Taib
  • Mohd Nur Farhan Bin Abdul Wahab
  • Shahabaldin Rezania
  • Mohd Fadhil Md Din


The groundwater quality varies in short periods affected by the natural and anthropogenic factors. This study examines the spatial and temporal variations of groundwater quality at Selangor, Malaysia aimed to determine the availability of groundwater resources. Providing information and data for a holistic and comprehensive management, sustainable development of groundwater can be implemented based on the quantity and quality monitoring. The temporal variations of these major water quality data were cross-checked against the hydrologic variations. The mapping and graph of water parameters were plotted and analysed using geographic information system (GIS). Analysis was based on a short-term data collected from three prominent groundwater wells supplying raw water. A total of 22 water parameters were used for quality analysis and then compared to the previous results conducted by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in 2002. Results showed that the availability of groundwater in Selangor State quantity was adequate and the quality meets the requirement standard. Considering the fact that groundwater is part of the hydrologic cycle, proper water management procedures, planning and policies can be achieved only through an integrated approach involving both surface water and groundwater.



This study has been supported by Ministry Of Higher Education Malaysia through Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) with Vot Number 4F539 and Vot Number 4F688.


  1. Aller L, Bennet T, Lehr JH, Petty RJ (1987) DRASTIC: a standardized system for evaluating groundwater pollution potential using hydrogeological settings. US Environmental Protection AgencyGoogle Scholar
  2. Bahagian Hidrologi dan Sumber Air (2009) Preliminary study on the national groundwater potential in Peninsular MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  3. Binnie and Rakan (M) (1979) Investigations for a suitable source of water supply for the Klang Valley. Final ReportGoogle Scholar
  4. Heath RC (1983) Basic ground-water hydrology, vol 2220. US Geological SurveyGoogle Scholar
  5. Horton RK (1965) An index number system for rating water quality. J Water Pollut Control Fed 37:300–305Google Scholar
  6. Hossain A (1989) Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater in North Kelantan, Malaysia. Ph.D. thesis, Universiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  7. JICA (2002) The study on the Sustainable groundwater resources and environmental management for the Langat Basin in Malaysia. Final Report, vol 2, Main Report.Google Scholar
  8. Lin YF, Wang J, Valocchi AJ (2008) A new GIS approach for estimating shallow groundwater recharge and discharge. Tran in GIS 12(4):459–474Google Scholar
  9. Manap MA, Sulaiman WNA, Ramli MF, Pradhan B, Surip N (2013) A knowledge-driven GIS modeling technique for groundwater potential mapping at the Upper Langat Basin, Malaysia. Arab J Geosci 6(5):1621–1637Google Scholar
  10. Mohamad SN (2011) Permodelan pemendapan tanah disebabkan oleh pengekstrakan air bawah tanah menggunakan geographic information system (GIS) (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia)Google Scholar
  11. Mohamed AF, Yaacob WZW, Taha MR, Samsuddin AR (2009) Groundwater and soil vulnerability in the Langat Basin Malaysia. Eur J Sci Res 27(4):628–635Google Scholar
  12. Peng TN (2012) Internal migration in the Klang Valley of Malaysia: Issues and implications. Malaysian J Chinese Stud 1:40–59Google Scholar
  13. Rahim BEA, Yusoff I, Jafri AM, Othman Z (2009) Integrated surface water -groundwater flow for a freshwater wetland in Selangor State, Malaysia. Final ReportGoogle Scholar
  14. Ramachandra TV (2006) Soil and groundwater pollution from agriculture activities. The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). Capital Publishing Company, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  15. Ramakrishnalah CR, Sadas hivalah C, Ranganna G (2009) Assessment of water quality index for the groundwater in Tumkur Taluk, Karnataka state, India. J Chem 6(2):523–530Google Scholar
  16. Rockwater (1997) Assessment of drawdown in aquifer resulting from proposed well field at Ladang Brooklands, Panting, Selangor, Final ReportGoogle Scholar
  17. Sato K, Iwase Y (2006) Groundwater hydraulics. Springer, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  18. Suratman S (1990) Hydrogeology of the Kalang Valley. Final ReportGoogle Scholar
  19. Suratman S (2003) Facts about groundwater. Jabatan Mineral dan Geosains MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  20. Suratman S (2005) Sustainability on groundwater resources and environmental management for the Langat Basin. Final ReportGoogle Scholar
  21. Yusoff I, Alias Y, Yusof M, Ashraf MA (2013) Assessment of pollutants migration at Ampar Tenang landfill site, Selangor, Malaysia. ScienceAsia 39(4):392–409Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shazwin Mat Taib
    • 1
  • Mohd Nur Farhan Bin Abdul Wahab
    • 2
  • Shahabaldin Rezania
    • 1
  • Mohd Fadhil Md Din
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)JohorMalaysia
  2. 2.National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia (NAHRIM)Seri Kembangan, SelangorMalaysia

Personalised recommendations