Arthropod Diversity in Conventional Citrus Orchard at Selorejo Village, East Java

  • Zulfaidah Penata GamaEmail author


Fruits and vegetables are one of the Indonesian agricultural products that are much favored by people from own country or abroad. Indonesia farmers have been trying to repel pests that attack plants using excessive pesticides. There is a decrease in abundance and diversity of arthropods in farms. The existence of arthropods in nature can serve as bio-indicators of environmental health because of the number and variety of species of arthropods are very high in the world. It can be assumed that if the environment is still stable and undisturbed. Conventional farming systems result in an adverse impact on the environment; therefore, the organic farming system began to be applied by farmers who have been aware of environmental health. Some due to the application of conventional farming systems are described with an example citrus farm in the Selorejo Village of Malang Regency.



I would like to thank the following students and colleagues of mine for discussions on issues related to diversity of arthropods in conventional farming system at the citrus orchard: Galih El Fikri, Prahanasa Incaloberty, and Bagyo Yanuwiadi. My research in diversity of arthropods at Selorejo Village has been supported by grants from Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Brawijaya University, Malang-Indonesia (DPP/SPP 2015).


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biology Department, Mathematic and Natural Sciences FacultyBrawijaya UniversityMalangIndonesia

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