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Chemoprevention in Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Syndromes

  • Reagan M. Barnett
  • Ester Borras
  • N. Jewel Samadder
  • Eduardo Vilar
Chapter

Abstract

Patients and families diagnosed with hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes present with an accelerated carcinogenesis. In this scenario, screening measures and preventive interventions play a crucial role in modulating the cancer risk by decreasing its incidence and mortality. In this chapter we will provide an overview of the clinical evidence of chemopreventive interventions developed in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis and Lynch Syndrome. Specifically, we will present the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have been the most commonly studied agents in this field. Finally, we will discuss the latest clinical trials deploying targeted agents and modern NSAIDs in the context of prevention of hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes.

Keywords

Chemoprevention Hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Aspirin COX-2 inhibitors Familial adenomatous polyposis Lynch syndrome 

Abbreviations

CIMP

CpG island methylator phenotype

CIN

Chromosomal instability

COX-2

Cyclooxygenase-2

coxib

COX-2 inhibitor

CRC

Colorectal cancer

DFMO

Difluoromethylornithine

FAP

Familial adenomous polyposis

GI

Gastrointestinal

LS

Lynch syndrome

MMR

Mismatch repair

MSI

Microsatellite instability

NF-κB

Nuclear factor-kappa B

NSAID

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

PG

Prostaglandin

Notes

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reagan M. Barnett
    • 1
  • Ester Borras
    • 1
  • N. Jewel Samadder
    • 2
  • Eduardo Vilar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Cancer PreventionThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Utah College of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA

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