Sustainable Development and Environmental Leadership: A Case Study of the Baikal Region

  • Vyacheslav Mantatov
  • Larisa Mantatova
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)

Abstract

Conservation of Lake Baikal for the present and future generations is a historical mission of the nations of the Baikal region. In order to tackle this global challenge, it is crucial to implement an environmental-ethical model of sustainable development. Such model of sustainable development envisages (a) development of a concept, strategy, and program of regional sustainable development; (b) development of a set of legal documents regulating the process of institutionalizing the sustainable development model; and (c) creation of a system of public and state environmental monitoring and control over practical implementation of sustainable development principles.

Prospects of the Baikal region as an environmental-ethical model of sustainable development are attributable to the following factors. First, the Baikal region displays a huge potential of environmental-ethical and cultural-historical traditions relevant to the moral imperative of sustainable development. Second, these prospects are related to the necessity of environmental protection of Lake Baikal as a “global well” and a particular “developmental site” on the globe. An all-Russian project under the title “Baikal – the Great Lake of the Great Country” will be launched in early 2018. This project will be efficient only if it becomes a common cause for all citizens, institutions, and authorities of the Russian Federation. The problem is to build a morally and legally substantiated strategy of nationwide mutual responsibility for the protection of Lake Baikal and sustainable development of the Baikal region and an equally substantiated strategy of environmental responsibility of every dweller of the Baikal region.

References

  1. Agenda 21 (1992) Proclaimed at the Rio de Janeiro UN Conference on Environment and Development, 314 June 1992. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/Agenda21.pdf. Accessed 14 Aug 2017
  2. An Invitation to Environmental Philosophy (1999) Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Botzler R, Armstrong S (eds) (1998) Environmental ethics: divergence and convergence. Mac Graw Hill, BostonGoogle Scholar
  4. Desjardiens J (1999) Environmental ethics: concepts, policy and theory. May field Publishing Company, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Earth Charter (2001) http://earthcharter.org/virtual-library2/the-earth-charter-text/. Accessed 19 Aug 2017
  6. Federal Law “On Protection of Lake Baikal” No. 94 Federal Law – dated 01.05.1999. On March 5, 2015 government order No. 368-r of the Government of the Russian Federation on expansion of water protection zone up to 80 km. http://region.council.gov.ru/media/files/41d58bd832d2c8a37ea7.pdf. Accessed 19 Aug 2017
  7. Federal Target Program “Protection of Lake Baikal and Socioeconomic Development of the Baikal Natural Territory in 2012–2020”. http://base.garant.ru/70219234/. Accessed 19 Aug 2017
  8. Girusov EV (2013) Biospheric-noospheric concept of V.I. Vernadsky. Noosphere Res 1(3):18–29Google Scholar
  9. Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development (Adopted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa, 26 August – 4 September 2002) (2002) https://unhabitat.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/A_CONF.199_20-Johannesburg-Declaration-on-Sustainable-Development-2002.pdf. Accessed 19 Aug 2017
  10. Jonas H (2004) The imperative of responsibility: in search for ethics for the technological age. Airis-press, Moscow, Moscow, p 31. p. 150Google Scholar
  11. Mantatov VV (2013) Conceptual revolution. UNO conference on sustainable development “RIO = 20”. IVSGUTU Publishing house, Ulan-UdeGoogle Scholar
  12. Mantatov VV, Mantatova LV (1998) Strategy of reason: environmental ethics and sustainable development, vol 1. Buryat book publishing, Ulan-UdeGoogle Scholar
  13. Mantatov VV, Mantatova LV (2000) Strategy of reason: environmental ethics and sustainable development, vol 2. Buryat book publishing, Ulan-UdeGoogle Scholar
  14. Mantatov VV, Mantatova LV (2014) Strategy of life: philosophical prospects of environmental ethics, vol 1. VSGUTU Publishing House, Ulan-UdeGoogle Scholar
  15. Mantatov VV, Mantatova LV (2015) Strategy of life: philosophical prospects of environmental ethics, vol 2. VSGUTU Publishing House, Ulan-UdeGoogle Scholar
  16. Moiseev NN (1990) Man and noosphere. Molodaya gvardiya, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  17. Outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Rio + 20 “Future We Want” (2012) http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/CONF.216/16&referer=/english/&Lang=E. Accessed 14 Aug 2017
  18. Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg (Adopted at the 17th plenary meeting on 04.09.2002) (2002) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/documents/WSSD_POI_PD/English/WSSD_PlanImpl.pdf. Accessed 19 Aug 2017
  19. Prokof’ev AV (2010) Collective and shared responsibility in environmental ethics. In: Ethics and ecology, “Scientific Papers” series, issue 9. R.G. Apresyan (Ed.), Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University, Velikii Novgorod, p 26–44Google Scholar
  20. Reimers NF (1992) Hopes for the survival of mankind. The conceptual philosophy. Nauka, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  21. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future (1987) http://www.un-documents.net/wced-ocf.htm. Accessed 14 Aug 2017
  22. Seoul Declaration on Environmental Ethics (1997) http://www.un.org/documents/ga/docs/S-19/plenary/as19-21.htm. Accessed 14 Aug 2017
  23. The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development proclaimed at the Rio de Janeiro UN Conference on Environment and Development, 3-14 June 1992 (1992) http://www.un-documents.net/rio-dec.htm/. Accessed 21 Aug 2017
  24. Ursul AD (1990) Prospects of ecological development. Nauka, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  25. Yanshin AL (1991) Lessons of environmental blunders. Mysl’, MoscowGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vyacheslav Mantatov
    • 1
  • Larisa Mantatova
    • 1
  1. 1.East Siberian State University of Technology and ManagementUlan-UdeRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations