Advertisement

Migrants and Sustainable Development of the Host Community: Is Russia’s Far East Ready for External Migration?

  • Elena Maklashova
  • Olga Vasileva
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)

Abstract

The objective of the work was to find out any changes in the processes of migration in the subjects of Russia’s Far East and the priority level of the regional authorities’ actions for adapting and integrating migrants within the context of sustainable development of the receiving community. The objective has been conditioned using the qualitative method of the research – the expert survey of representatives of the state authorities and the public in nine regions of Russia’s Far East. In the paper, evaluation of dynamics of change of such important indicators of migration as ethnic identity, cultural assimilation, professional qualification of migrants, and the migrants’ knowledge of the Russian language is shown against the background of evaluating the integration capacity of the receiving community. As a result, the research gives evidence of a high level of multinational (interethnic) solidarity and tolerance maintained in the receiving community of the regions of Russia’s Far East, although the positive migrants’ quality growth is low. It has been found out that citizens of the Far Eastern regions feature a weak level of readiness for integration yet it is higher than that of the migrants. The high growth of ethnic identity of the external migrants introduces tension into the condition of multinational relations and tolerance. In spite of the trends revealed, the questions of managing the migrants’ adaptation are reported by representatives of both the regional authorities and the public as not high-priority ones for regional authorities of the subjects of Russia in the Far East. Special reinforcement for managing the questions of the migrants’ adaptation and integration is necessary in regions having a high external migration level.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research has been performed with the financial support of the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation under the project “Receiving community: the problems of migrants’ integration within the context of formation of the civil nation,” No. 16-13-14001.

References

  1. Berry JW (1997) Immigration, acculturation, and adaptation. Appl Psychol 46(1):5–34Google Scholar
  2. Borjas G, Bronars S (1999) Immigration and the family. J Labour Econ 9:123–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Friedman J (1994) Cultural identity and global process. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Gordon MM (1964) Assimilation in American life: the role of race, religion, and national origins. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Iontsev VA (1999) The international migration of population: the theory and history of studying. Dialog-MGU, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  6. Karanov DP (2013) Migrants and the receiving society: a cultural aspect of interethnic relations in the urban environment. Polity 1(68):24–35Google Scholar
  7. Kymlicka W (1989) Liberalism, community and culture. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Malakhov VS (2007) Essays on nationalism, racism and cultural pluralism. New literary review, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  9. Massey DS, Arango J, Hugo G, Kouaouci A, Pellegrino A, Taylor JE (1998) Worlds in motion: understanding international migration at the end of the millennium. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  10. Minakir PA, Vlasyuk LI, Demiyanenko AN, Devaeva EI, Kalashnikov VD, Leonov SN, Motrich EL, Renzin OM (2008) On the question of the strategy of development of Khabarovsk Territory. Spat Econ 3:5–44Google Scholar
  11. Mkrtchyan N (2004) The “Western drift” of domestic migration within Russia. Proc Russia 4(19). http://www.strana-oz.ru/2004/4/zapadnyy-dreyf-vnutrirossiyskoy-migracii. Accessed 15 Aug 2017
  12. Rafieyan V, Orang M, Bijami M, Nejad MS, Eng LS (2014) Language learners’ acculturation attitudes. Engl Lang Teach 7(1):114–119Google Scholar
  13. Taylor C (1994) Multiculturalism: examining the politics of recognition. Princeton University Press, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  14. Vostretsova LG, Gnezdilov EA (2014) The influence of migration processes on social and economic development of the far eastern regions. Basic Res 11:383–387Google Scholar
  15. Zavalishin AY (2014) Social and economic factors of integration of migrants into the receiving region community. DIXI – 2014: ideas, hypotheses, discoveries. Soc Humanitarian Res 5:122–129Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Maklashova
    • 1
  • Olga Vasileva
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the NorthYakutskRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations