The Model of Assessment for Flexographic Printing Technology

  • Krzysztof Ejsmont
  • Jan Lipiak
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The popularity of flexographic printing in the group of printing manufacture owners is increasing all over the world. The demand of the market for low-cost and repeatable expenditures has pushed companies to look for alternatives of costly printing techniques such as rotogravure or heat-set offset. The main purpose of the article is to present precise characteristics of the flexographic printing technology and to propose a suitable evaluation model. The model takes into account important measures from the flexographic point of view (e.g. type of raw material, colour quantity, printing speed) and also important elements for the enterprise’s strategy (e.g. product quality, financial feasibility). The article was written in a theoretical and research manner. The following research methods and approaches were used: literary criticism, integrated method, holistic approach to assessment, system approach. The research is also based on personal experience of people connected with flexographic printing and data gathered from printing companies. The main result of the paper is the flexographic printing technology assessment model based on a holistic approach to assessment and a paradigm of new economy. The authors present elements not used before for the assessment of the printing technology (e.g. environmental protection) and use the two stages of the assessment (dimension—measure).The developed model may be used in flexographic printing companies and complement literature connected with the research area. The model will help to understand the complexity of the flexographic printing technology and also enable companies to improve the efficiency and quality of flexographic printing.


Flexographic printing Flexography Labels Technology assessment 



This work is partially supported by Prof. S. Marciniak from Warsaw University of Technology.


  1. 1.
    Bates I, Zjakic I, Budimir I (2015) Assessment of the print quality parameters’ impact on the high-quality flexographic print visual experience. Imaging Sci J 63(2):103–110. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dunn T (2015) Flexographic printing. Flex Packag 2015:27–37. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Ejsmont K, Lipiak J (2015) Implementation of the SMED method in a printing company. Econ Organ Enterp 4(783):104–116Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ejsmont K, Lipiak J (2016) The problem of calculating the OEE for flexo machines—case study. In: Knosala R (ed) Innovations in management and production engineering. OpoleGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Geoff AG (2000) Design and technology of packaging decoration for the consumer market. Academic Press, SheffieldGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gordon LR (2012) Food packaging: principles and practice, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Izdebska J (2016) Printing on polymers. Theory Pract. William AndrewGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Janßen EM, Schliephacke R, Breitenbach A, Breitkreutz J (2013) Drug-printing by flexographic printing technology—A new manufacturing process for orodispersible films. Int J Pharm 441(1–2):818–825. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Katz S (2013) Shrink sleeve converting. Rodman Media, Ramsey USAGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kipphan H (2001) Handbook of print media: technol production methods. Springer, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kit LY (2009) The wiley encyclopedia of packaging technology, 3rd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lipiak J (2017) Methodology for assessing the factors affecting the quality and efficiency of flexographic printing process. Procedia Eng 182:403–411. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lorenz A, Senne A, Rohde J et al (2015) Evaluation of flexographic printing technology for multi-busbar solar cells. Energy Procedia 67:126–137. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Majid I, Nayik GA, Dar SM, Nanda V (2016) Novel food packaging technologies: innovations and future prospective. J Saudi Soc Agric Sci. Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Marciniak S (1989) The integrated method of efficiency evaluation of technical and organizational projects. Warsaw University of Technology Publishing House, WarsawGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sanatgar RH, Campagne C, Nierstrasz V (2017) Investigation of the adhesion properties of direct 3D printing of polymers and nano composites on textiles: effect of FDM printing process parameters. Appl Surf Sci 403:551–563. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Smith RD (2009) Challenges in winding flexible packaging film. In: TAPPI 12th European PLACE conference, BudapestGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Żołek-Tryznowska Z, Izdebska J (2013) Flexographic printing ink modified with hyperbranched polymers: Boltorn™ P500 and Boltorn™ P1000. Dyes Pigm 96(2):602–608. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Production EngineeringWarsaw University of TechnologyWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations