Coastal regions of nations comprising over a billion population contiguous to the Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea are prone to natural disasters and poor electric supply especially in rural areas and inaccessible regions. Utilization of ocean resources for power generation such as tidal, thermal solar and wind for energy, along with other green technologies like seaweed farming and sustainable fisheries for food would need to be incorporated into a broad framework for the region. Development of ocean-based energy systems can be integrated with early warning networks linked by satellite which can give a few hours to days warning to help mitigate the severity of natural disasters on human life. Some calamities of note have been the Tsunami of 2004, Bangladesh and Orissa floods, earthquakes in Nepal and Pakistan, and recent inundation of Houston and Chennai due to weather and bad flood management. A comprehensive Framework on disaster management was formulated in alignment with the Hyogo Framework (2005–2015). A network of sensors exists in the Indian and Pacific oceans. In addition to the broad objectives of disaster management and cooperation in the Indian Ocean and surrounding regions, the inclusion of the sensor network into the energy grid needs research and development. Some applications and their implementation are looked at, specifically with the difficulties in implementation in the region, and other factors like economic efficiency (rate of returns) in place of mechanical energy efficiency. Ocean energy systems are still in their infancy, while ocean farming technology has been developed and is immediately accessible for further exploitation.


Disaster Resource Management (DRM) Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Renewable energy Wave power 



The author also gratefully acknowledges the helpful comments and suggestions of the reviewers, which have improved the presentation.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical EngineeringAdarsha Institute of TechnologyKundana, BangaloreIndia

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