Cloud Manufacturing—The Adoption of Virtual Production Line to Soft Resources Analysis
For several years manufacturing industries have been changing significantly due to intense competition, globalization and rapid development of advanced information and management technologies. Collaboration, Internet of Things and clouds were identified as technology-enabled business trends profoundly reshaping strategies across manufacturing industry (Buthin et al. in Clouds, big data, and smart assets: Ten tech-enabled business trends to watch. McKinsey Quarterly, 2010, . In this paper Cloud Manufacturing paradigm has been introduced as it gains more and more importance among academia world and industrial sector. Cloud Manufacturing is an open and service-oriented concept of virtualizing distributed manufacturing and assembling resources together in order to provide a coherent, uninterrupted and high quality transaction of manufacturing process. The purpose of the paper is to present the Cloud Manufacturing paradigm as well as the fundamental assumptions of this concept. It also focuses on how cloud computing enables Cloud Manufacturing. The author demonstrated also the idea of the Virtual Production Line, which is an extension of the Classical Production Line, invented by Henry Ford in automotive industry. In the relation to Cloud Manufacturing concept the author proposed to adopt VPL to analyze the soft manufacturing resources.
KeywordsCloud computing Cloud manufacturing Manufacturing resources Virtual production line
The research was conducted within S/WZ/1/2014 project and was financed from Ministry of Science and Higher Education funds.
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