Immigrant Student Achievement and Education Policy in Finland

Chapter
Part of the Policy Implications of Research in Education book series (PIRE, volume 9)

Abstract

Finnish society has faced many changes during the past decade. One major change has been the increasing number of students speaking languages other than the national ones. This chapter provides an overview of the immigrant student population in Finland, including its change during the last decades. This chapter also takes a closer look at results of national and international assessments of students with an immigrant background, particularly the PISA 2012 results in which this student group was oversampled in Finland. This oversampling made the data considerably more representative of students having an immigrant background than in any other rounds, and also allowed more reliable statistical analyses. The findings of several analyses present an alarming picture regarding the learning achievement of students with an immigrant background in Finland. For instance, their performance in the PISA assessment in mathematics was clearly below that of the others and a greater portion of first-generation immigrant students did not reach the minimal level of mathematical proficiency. These findings are critically discussed in the increasingly multicultural, multilingual educational context of Finland.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland
  2. 2.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.University of CalifoniaLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.TU Dortmund UniversityDortmundGermany

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