Small-Scale Fly Larvae Production for Animal Feed



Two fly species, the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, and the house fly, Musca domestica, are presently being promoted and used as feed for monogastric animals. Various production systems are being developed in different contexts and regions, from very small-scale used by smallholder farmers to industrial scale production factories. This chapter reviews the information available on production methods for the two fly species, with a focus on small-scale production systems. Larvae of both fly species can be produced either by exposing substrates to attract naturally occurring flies, or by breeding adults to obtain eggs that will be placed on the larval rearing substrates. The two fly species are compared with respect to performance, user-friendliness, safety and sustainability. The advantages and disadvantages associated with rearing these species in different situations and perspectives are highlighted. This chapter also discusses knowledge gaps and provides recommendations for production and suggestions for further research.


Larval Production Black Soldier Fly (BSF) Hermetia Illucens Medium-scale Systems Rear Adults 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This review was made in the framework of the project PROteINSECT of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration (grant agreement no. 312084) and the project IFWA – Insects as Feed in West Africa, funded by the Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development (R4D).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CABIDelémontSwitzerland
  2. 2.Fish for Africa-GhanaAccraGhana
  3. 3.CABIAccraGhana
  4. 4.Entofood Sdn BhdKuala LumpurMalaysia
  5. 5.Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological ResourcesGuangzhouChina
  6. 6.Institut d’Economie Rurale, Centre Régional de Recherche Agricole de SotubaBamakoMali
  7. 7.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesUniversity of CopenhagenFrederiksberg CDenmark
  8. 8.Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du BéninCotonouRépublique du Bénin
  9. 9.KU Leuven, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Division of Forest, Nature and LandscapeLeuvenBelgium
  10. 10.Fera Science LtdYorkUK
  11. 11.Huazhong Agricutural UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  12. 12.Department of BiosciencesUniversity of DurhamDurhamUK

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