A Novel Perspective in the Analysis of Sustainability, Inclusion and Smartness of Growth Through Europe 2020 Indicators

  • Elena Grimaccia
  • Tommaso Rondinella
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 227)


The comparison of different territorial areas according to multiple factors raises the challenge of representing synthetically the complexity of multidimensional phenomena, such as the targets of growth promoted by the Europe 2020 strategy. We considered data for 10 years in order to highlight the evolution of the similarities and dissimilarities of the 28 European countries in the whole period. The analysis is centred on a technique which combines cluster analysis with the use of a composite indicator, thus permitting to identify Countries both according to their structural characteristics and to their overall performance. We also look at convergence processes among countries and link our results to GDP growth to better qualify countries patterns of development.


Complexity Composite indicators Cluster analysis Europe 2020 indicators 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ISTATRomeItaly

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