Monitoring School Performance Using Value-Added and Value-Table Models: Lessons from the UK

  • George Leckie
  • Harvey Goldstein
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 227)


Since 1992, the UK Government has published so-called ‘school league tables’ summarizing the average attainment and progress made by students in each state-funded secondary school in England. In this article, we statistically critique and compare prominent past, current and forthcoming value-added and value-table measures of school performance. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these different measures as well as their underlying statistical models.


Value-added model Value-table Multilevel model School accountability 



This research was funded by UK Economic and Social Research Council grant ES/K000950/1.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Multilevel Modelling and School of Education, University of BristolBristolUK

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