Magnetic Dipole Term \(T_{z}\) and its Importance for Analysing XMCD Spectra

  • Ondřej Šipr
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 204)


Magnetism of nanostructures is often studied by means of x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). The XMCD sum rules are a very powerful tool but they allow for the spin magnetic moment \(\mu _{\mathrm {spin}}\) to be determined only in combination with the magnetic dipole term \(T_{z}\). This chapter presents few examples demonstrating that neglecting \(T_{z}\) could in some cases lead to completely wrong conclusions about the trends of \(\mu _{\mathrm {spin}}\) with the size of the system or with the magnetisation direction. Further, we inspect conditions that have to be met so that eliminating of \(T_{z}\) from the XMCD sum rules is possible.



The author would like to thank to Hubert Ebert, Jan Minár and Jiří Vackář for numerous stimulating discussions and collaboration on this line of research. Support by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport (Czech Republic) within the project LD15097 is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of SciencesPrahaCzech Republic

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