Peace and Security in Latin America: New Challenges, New Directions

  • Francisco Rojas Aravena
Part of the The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science book series (APESS, volume 24)


The new international scenario is replete with uncertainty. Moreover, as 2017 got under way the nuclear situation took the front row in international developments. This lack of certainty, the absence of clear outlooks for developments and stakeholder actions and their projected future, leads to uncertainties and doubts over how to deal with the international complexities of changing power relations and significant adjustments in the processes of globalisation.


  1. Consejo Ciudadano para la Seguridad Pública y Justicia Penal (2015). Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. ECLAC (2017). Informe anual sobre el progreso y los desafíos regionales de la agenda 2030 para el desarrollo sostenible en América Latina y el Caribe, Santiago, ECLAC.Google Scholar
  3. InSight Crime (2016). Balance de Insight Crime sobre los homicidios en Latinoamérica en 2015, January (InSight Crime’s 2015 Homicide Roundup); at:
  4. Latinobarómetro (2017). Informe Latinobarómetro 2016, Santiago, Latinobarómetro.Google Scholar
  5. OAS (2003). Declaration on Security in the Americas; at:
  6. Peter, Andreas; Moisés Naím (2012). “Measuring the Mafia-State Menace. Are Government-Backed Gangs a Grave New Threat?”, Foreign Affairs, July/August; at:
  7. Transparency International (2015). Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index 2015; at:
  8. Ury, William (1985). Beyond the Hotline, Orlando, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Peace UniversityCiudad ColónCosta Rica

Personalised recommendations