The Relationship Between Impunity and Inequality Globally and in Mexico

  • Juan Antonio Le Clercq
Part of the The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science book series (APESS, volume 24)


The Global Impunity Index (IGI; Le Clercq/Rodríguez 2015) and the Global Impunity Index Mexico (IGI-MEX; Le Clercq/Rodríguez 2016) have the objective to measure levels of impunity within countries and at subnational levels in the case of the thirty-two federal entities of the Mexican republic. These investigations take as their starting point the assumption that impunity is a problem that requires to be explained on its own and not solely as an indirect indicator of other phenomena such as violence, insecurity, corruption and violation of human rights. Similarly, it seeks to understand the way in which the existence of generalised conditions of impunity aggravates the effects of violence and insecurity and contributes to the erosion of citizens’ trust in their institutions and authorities, as happens in the Mexican case.


  1. Acemoglu, Daron; James A. Robinson (2012). Why Nations Fail, New York, Crown Business.Google Scholar
  2. Dworkin, Ronald (2000). Sovereign Virtue, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Enamorado, Ted; Luis Felipe López-Calva; Carlos Rodríguez Castelán; Hernán Winkler (2014). Income Inequality and Violent Crime. Evidence from Mexico´s Drug War, Washington, D.C., World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper 6935.Google Scholar
  4. Friedrich, Carl Joachim (1972). The Pathology of Politics, New York, Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  5. Le Clercq, Juan Antonio; Gerardo Rodríguez Sánchez Lara (2015). Global Impunity Index 2015 (IGI 2015), Puebla, UDLAP.Google Scholar
  6. Le Clercq, Juan Antonio; Gerardo Rodríguez Sánchez Lara (2016). Índice Global de Impunidad México 2016 (IGI-MEX 2016), Puebla, UDLAP.Google Scholar
  7. Le Clercq, Juan Antonio; Azucena Cháidez; Gerardo Rodríguez (2016). “Midiendo la Impunidad en América Latina, retos conceptuales y metodológicos”, Íconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, no. 55, May 2016, Quito, FLACSO-Ecuador, pp. 69–91.Google Scholar
  8. North, Douglass; John Joseph Wallis; Barry Weingast (2009). Violence and Social Orders, New York, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Rawls, John (1971). A Theory of Justice, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Rothstein, Bo (2005). Social Traps and the Problem of Trust, New York, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  11. Stiglitz, Joseph E. (2012). El precio de la desigualdad, México, D.F., Taurus.Google Scholar
  12. Stiglitz, Joseph E. (2015). La gran brecha (2015), México, D.F., Taurus.Google Scholar
  13. Therborn, Göran (2013). The Killing Fields of Inequality, Cambridge, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
  14. UNHRC [United Nations Human Rights Council] (2005). Report of Diane Orentlicher, independent expert to update the Set of principles to combat impunity, 61º session period, topic 17 of the provisional program.Google Scholar
  15. Wilkinson, Richard; Kate Pickett (2009). The Spirit Level, New York, Bloomsbury Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International relations and Political ScienceUDLAPSan Andrés CholulaMexico

Personalised recommendations