Emergency Presentation of Heart Disease

  • Syana SarnaikEmail author
  • Katherine Cashen
  • Ashok P. Sarnaik


Pediatric patients with congenital and acquired heart disease may present to the emergency department (ED) with acute life-threatening decompensation. These children often present with high acuity and in shock, with cyanosis, or with respiratory distress. In this chapter we review common ED presentations of pediatric heart disease and their chronology, pathophysiology, management strategies, and common diagnostic clues/pitfalls that clinicians may face when treating these complex patients.


Congenital heart disease Acute decompensated cardiogenic shock Acquired heart disease 


Conflicts of Interest

Disclosures: The authors have not disclosed any potential conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syana Sarnaik
    • 1
    Email author
  • Katherine Cashen
    • 2
  • Ashok P. Sarnaik
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency MedicineChildren’s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care MedicineChildren’s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA

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