Unfractionated Heparin and Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin

  • Rhynn J. Malloy
  • Jessica Rimsans
  • Megan Rhoten
  • Katelyn Sylvester
  • John Fanikos
Chapter

Abstract

Unfractionated heparin (UFH) and low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) are highly utilized throughout inpatient and ambulatory care settings for many indications, including the treatment of venous thromboembolism, thromboprophylaxis, and acute coronary syndromes. In this chapter, we review the evidence-based recommendations and pharmacology of both UFH and LMWH with a detailed description of their mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics. We highlight approved indications and dosing as well as common unapproved uses of these agents. We review important monitoring considerations for each agent in addition to considerations that should be evaluated when treating certain patient populations. Finally, we discuss various reversal strategies and complications that can arise from their use.

Keywords

Anticoagulation Unfractionated heparin Low-molecular-weight heparin Enoxaparin Dalteparin Tinzaparin Venous thromboembolism Thromboprophylaxis Acute coronary syndromes Pharmacotherapy 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rhynn J. Malloy
    • 1
  • Jessica Rimsans
    • 1
  • Megan Rhoten
    • 1
  • Katelyn Sylvester
    • 1
  • John Fanikos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacyBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA

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