Conclusion and Outlook

Part of the Critical Political Theory and Radical Practice book series (CPTRP)


Summarizing the findings of his multi-layered comparative study on the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street, Kumkar shows how these protest mobilizations can be interpreted as symptoms of the deep structural crisis of US class society and especially of its petty bourgeoisie. Their interpretation therefore helps to understand other recent political events, such as the successful presidential campaign of Donald Trump in 2016: Kumkar contradicts those that identified the members of the ‘white working class’ as the core supporters of Trump and points out that they have instead to be sought in the older cohorts of the classical petty bourgeoisie, whose habitually patterned lived experience of the Great Recession, as it was reconstructed throughout the book, resonated strongly with Trump’s campaign slogans.


Classical Petty Bourgeoisie Protest Mobilization Great Recession Donald TrumpTrump Class-generational Unit 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BremenBremenGermany

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