Advertisement

Experiencing the Crisis: Results of the Habitus Reconstruction

  • Nils C. Kumkar
Chapter
Part of the Critical Political Theory and Radical Practice book series (CPTRP)

Abstract

Interpreting interviews and group discussions with activists from the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street as well as pictures used in the protests’ propaganda materials, Kumkar demonstrates how the activists’ habitus structured their experience of the Great Recession and predisposed them to resonate with certain protest-practices. He identifies an ambivalent relationship between the habitus in crisis and the protests—while the protests articulate frustration, they are also ways of coping with it unconsciously. Thus, the basic orienting pattern of Tea Party activists, ‘disappointment without disillusionment’, prevents them from confronting the traumatic kernel of their experience, offering them a reassuring web of conspiracies instead. The Occupiers were affectively invested in their ‘prefigurative practices’ also because these functioned as redirection activities for their blocked anticipated professional trajectories.

Bibliography

  1. Adorno, Theodor W. 1973a. Studien zum autoritären Charakter. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 1973b. Zum Verhältnis von Soziologie und Psychologie. In Aufsätze zur Gesellschaftstheorie und Methodologie, 7–54. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  3. Althusser, Louis. 2008. Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses (Notes Towards an Investigation). In On Ideology, 1–60. London/New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  4. Andrews, John. 2014. Foreclosure from Freud to Fannie Mae. In The Unhappy Divorce of Sociology and Psychoanalysis: Diverse Perspectives on the Psychosocial, ed. Lynn Chancer and John Andrews, 269–283. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Appel, Hannah Chadeayne. 2011a. The People’s Microphone. Social Text. https://socialtextjournal.org/dispatches_from_an_occupation_the_peoples_microphone/. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  6. ———. 2011b. The Ritual of General Assembly and the Bureaucracies of Anarchy. https://socialtextjournal.org/the_rituals_of_general_assembly_and_the_bureaucracies_of_anarchy/. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  7. Arnold, Sina. 2012. ‘Bad for the Jews’? Antisemitismus und die ‘Occupy’-Bewegung in den USA. In Jahrbuch für Antisemitismusforschung 21, ed. Stefanie Schüler-Springorum, 370–391. Berlin: Metropol.Google Scholar
  8. Bereswill, Mechthild, Christine Morgenroth, and Peter Redman. 2010. Alfred Lorenzer and the Depth-Hermeneutic Method. Psychoanalysis, Culture & Society 15 (3): 221–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Binelli, Mark. 2012. The Battle for the Soul of Occupy Wall Street. Rolling Stone, June 21. http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-battle-for-the-soul-of-occupy-wall-street-20120621. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  10. Blühdorn, Ingolfur. 2006. Self-Experience in the Theme Park of Radical Action? Social Movements and Political Articulation in the Late-Modern Condition. European Journal of Social Theory 9 (1): 23–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. ———. 2013. Simulative Demokratie: Neue Politik nach der postdemokratischen Wende. Berlin: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  12. ———. 2014. A Massive Escalation of Truly Disruptive Action...? Bürger Protest und Nachhaltigkeit in der postdemokratischen Konstellation. Forschungsjournal Neue Soziale Bewegungen 2014 (1): 27–37.Google Scholar
  13. Bohnsack, Ralf. 2009. The Interpretation of Pictures and the Documentary Method. Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung 34 (2): 296–321.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 2010. Rekonstruktive Sozialforschung. Opladen/Farmington Hills: Barbara Budrich.Google Scholar
  15. Boltanski, Luc. 2010. Soziologie und Sozialkritik: Frankfurter Adorno-Vorlesungen 2008. Berlin: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  16. ———. 2013. Rätsel und Komplotte: Kriminalliteratur, Paranoia, moderne Gesellschaft. Berlin: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  17. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1987. Sozialer Sinn: Kritik der theoretischen Vernunft. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  18. ———. 1988. Die politische Ontologie Martin Heideggers. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  19. ———. 1998. Der Einzige und sein Eigenheim. Hamburg: VSA.Google Scholar
  20. Bourdieu, Pierre, and Jean-Claude Passeron. 1973. Grundlagen einer Theorie der symbolischen Gewalt. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  21. Claussen, Detlev. 1991. Angst vor dem Anderen. Über den Zusammenhang und Unterschied von Antisemitismus und Fremdenhaß. Evangelische Akademie Arnoldshain. http://www.comlink.de/cl-hh/m.blumentritt/agr60s.htm. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  22. Doerr, Nicole, Alice Mattoni, and Simon Teune, eds. 2013. Advances in the Visual Analysis of Social Movements. Bradford: Emerald.Google Scholar
  23. Foucault, Michel. 1994. The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  24. Freud, Sigmund. 1970. Der Witz und seine Beziehung zum Unbewussten. In Psychologische Schriften, 9–219. Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 1973a. Psychoanalytische Bemerkungen über einen autobiographisch beschriebenen Fall von Paranoia (Dementia Paranoides). In Zwang, Paranoia und Perversion, 135–203. Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer.Google Scholar
  26. ———. 1973b. Zwangshandlung und Religionsausübung. In Zwang, Paranoia und Perversion, 11–21. Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer.Google Scholar
  27. ———. 1975. Die Verneinung. In Psychologie des Unbewußten, 371–377. Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer.Google Scholar
  28. Goffman, Erving. 1974. Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. Boston: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Graeber, David. 2013. The Democracy Project: A History, a Crisis, a Movement. New York: Spiegel and Grau.Google Scholar
  30. Hofstadter, Richard. 2008. The Paranoid Style in American Politics. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  31. Imdahl, Max. 1994. Ikonik: Bilder und ihre Anschauung. In Was ist ein Bild? ed. Gottfried Boehm, 300–324. München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag.Google Scholar
  32. Jaeggi, Rahel. 2014. Kritik von Lebensformen. Berlin: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  33. Jessop, Bob. 1982. The Capitalist State. Marxist Theories and Methods. Oxford: Martin Robertson.Google Scholar
  34. Kastl, Jörg Michael. 2004. Habitus als non-deklaratives Gedächtnis: Zur Relevanz der neuropsychologischen Amnesieforschung für die Soziologie. Sozialer Sinn. Zeitschrift für hermeneutische Sozialforschung 2004 (2): 195–226.Google Scholar
  35. Kemp, Wolfgang. 1985. Der Betrachter ist im Bild: Kunstwissenschaft und Rezeptionsästhetik. Köln: DuMont.Google Scholar
  36. Kriesi, Hanspeter. 1989. New Social Movements and the New Class in the Netherlands. American Journal of Sociology 94 (5): 1078–1116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Kumkar, Nils C. 2014. Events of Emancipation and Spectacles of Discontent. How the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street ‘happened’. In Protests as Events. Politics, Activism and Leisure, ed. R. Ian Lamond and Karl Spracklen, 211–231. London/New York: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  38. Lacan, Jaques. 1996. Die vier Grundbegriffe der Psychoanalyse. Weinheim: Quadriga.Google Scholar
  39. Langman, Lauren. 2013. Occupy: A New New Social Movement. Current Sociology 61 (4): 510–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lévi-Strauss, Claude. 1977. Strukturale Anthropologie I. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  41. Lorenzer, Alfred. 1972. Sprachzerstörung und Rekonstruktion: Vorarbeiten zu einer Metatheorie der Psychoanalyse. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  42. Marx, Karl. 1969. Das Kapital 1. MEW 23. Berlin: Dietz.Google Scholar
  43. Milkman, Ruth, Stephanie Luce, and Penny Lewis. 2013. Changing the Subject: A Bottom-Up Account of Occupy Wall Street in New York City. New York: Joseph S. Murphy Institute for Worker Education and Labor Studies. https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/562862-changing-the-subject-2.html. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  44. Nietzsche, Friedrich. 2002. Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Ogman, Robert. 2013. After the Evictions: The U.S. Occupy Movement Struggling at the Front Lines of the Crisis. Socialistproject.ca, November 6. http://www.socialistproject.ca/bullet/895.php. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  46. Olesen, Henning Salling, and Kirsten Weber. 2012. Socialization, Language, and Scenic Understanding. Alfred Lorenzer’s Contribution to a Psycho-Societal Methodology. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research 13 (3). http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1906
  47. Panofsky, Erwin. 1955. Meaning in the Visual Arts: Papers in and on Art History. New York: Doubleday Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  48. Pfaller, Robert. 2002. Die Illusionen der anderen: Über das Lustprinzip in der Kultur. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  49. Poletta, Francesca. 2006. It Was Like a Fever. Storytelling in Protest and Politics. Chicago/London: The University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Prager, Jeffrey. 2014. Melancholia and the Racial Order: A Psychosocial Analysis of America’s Enduring Racism. In The Unhappy Divorce of Sociology and Psychoanalysis: Diverse Perspectives on the Psychosocial, ed. Lynn Chancer and John Andrews, 284–316. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Przyborski, Aglaja. 2004. Gesprächsanalyse und dokumentarische Methode: Qualitative Auswertung von Gesprächen, Gruppendiskussionen und anderen Diskursen. Wiesbaden: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Przyborski, Aglaja, and Thomas Slunecko. 2012. Linie und Erkennen: Die Linie als Instrument sozialwissenschaftlicher Bildinterpretation. Journal Für Psychologie 20 (3). http://www.journal-fuer-psychologie.de/index.php/jfp/article/view/239. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  53. Rohter, Larry. 2008. Plumber from Ohio Is Thrust into Spotlight. The New York Times, October 16. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/16/us/politics/16plumber.html. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  54. Rose, Fred. 1997. Toward a Class-Cultural Theory of Social Movements: Reinterpreting New Social Movements. Sociological Forum 12 (3): 461–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Schneider, Nathan. 2013. Thank You, Anarchy: Notes from the Occupy Apocalypse. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  56. Schütz, Alfred. 1981. Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt: Eine Einleitung in die verstehende Soziologie. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  57. Schütz, Alfred, and Thomas Luckmann. 1984. Strukturen Der Lebenswelt. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  58. Skousen, W. Cleon. 2009. The Five Thousand Year Leap: 28 Great Ideas That Changed the World. Franklin: American Documents.Google Scholar
  59. Snow, David A., E. Burke Rochford Jr., Steven K. Worden, and Robert D. Benford. 1986. Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation. American Sociological Review 51 (4): 464–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Sunshine, Spencer. 2014. The Right Hand of Occupy Wall Street: From Libertarians to Nazis, the Fact and Fiction of Right-Wing Involvement, February 23. http://www.politicalresearch.org/2014/02/23/the-right-hand-of-occupy-wall-street-from-libertarians-to-nazis-the-fact-and-fiction-of-right-wing-involvement/#. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.
  61. Taylor, Blair. 2013. From Alterglobalization to Occupy Wall Street: Neoanarchism and the New Spirit of the Left. City: Analysis of Urban Trends, Culture, Theory, Policy, Action 17 (6): 729–747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. “This Is Not a Protest, This Is a Process.” 2011. Printed Ephemera Collection, PE.029, Box 25, Pat de Angelis Donation. Tamiment Archive, New York City.Google Scholar
  63. Thompson, Michael J. 2012. Suburban Origins of the Tea Party: Spatial Dimensions of the New Conservative Personality. Critical Sociology 38 (4): 511–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Zernike, Kate. 2010. Movement of the Moment Looks to Long-Ago Texts. The New York Times, October 1. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/02/us/politics/02teaparty.html. Accessed 30 Oct 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nils C. Kumkar
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BremenBremenGermany

Personalised recommendations