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Peptides as Orthopedic Biomaterials

  • Derek E. Andreini
  • Zachary J. Werner
  • Christopher D. Bell
  • Malcolm Xing
  • Bingyun Li
Chapter

Abstract

Biodegradable metals, including magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), have been proposed and developed for temporary implants with the expectation to degrade and be absorbed gradually in vivo during the tissue healing process. Compared to Mg alloys and Fe alloys, the standard electrode potential of Zn is between that of Mg and Fe, so its degradation rate has been proved to be more likely in line with the clinical demand. In addition, Zn is one of the essential trace elements in human body and plays essential roles in many enzymes and in cell metabolic activity, proliferation and differentiation. Therefore, the recent progress of Zn-based metallic biomaterials is reviewed in this chapter for the development of high-performance metallic biomaterials.

Keywords

Peptide Antimicrobial Infection Drug delivery Protein Hydrogel Antibiotic Polymer Tissue engineering Arthritis Bone tumor Biomarker Osteoporosis Growth factor 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We acknowledge financial support from AO Foundation (Project S-13-15 L was supported by the AO Foundation), Osteosynthesis & Trauma Care Foundation, the West Virginia National Aeronautics and Space Administration Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (WV NASA EPSCoR), NIH Grant P20GM103434, and the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number 2U54GM104942-02. This work was also supported by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, through the Peer Reviewed Medical Research Program, Discovery Award under Award No. W81XWH-17-1-0603. Opinions, interpretations, conclusions, and recommendations are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the funding agencies. C.B., D.A., and Z.W. acknowledge fellowships from WVU Intro program. We thank Suzanne Danley for proofreading.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek E. Andreini
    • 1
  • Zachary J. Werner
    • 1
  • Christopher D. Bell
    • 1
  • Malcolm Xing
    • 2
    • 3
  • Bingyun Li
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedics, School of MedicineWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.The Children’s Hospital Research Institute of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  4. 4.Mary Babb Randolph Cancer CenterMorgantownUSA

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