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Competitive Adsorption as a Physicochemical Ground for Self-Sufficient Decontamination Areas from Radioactive Pollutants

  • Evgeny V. Polyakov
  • Aleksey A. Ioshin
  • Ilya V. Volkov
Chapter

Abstract

A theory of competitive sorption as an instrument for predicting the conditions for desorption of radionuclides, Sr(II) in particular, from “contaminated solid–water” systems is formulated in this chapter. Typical isotherms of competitive sorption are presented. Based on the sorption isotherm we analyze the possibility of desorption of traces of Sr(II) and Sr-90 from ion-exchange materials. The role of humic acid (HA) in Sr(II) mass transfer in river water and the possibilities of strontium ion desorption from solids with the help of HA solutions are discussed in detail. We describe finally new competitive sorption techniques based on concurrent sorption of the aimed microelement from the contaminated material to the sorbent placed into a specially made pocketed membrane mini-reactor.

Keywords

Decontamination Competitive sorption Statics and kinetics Soils and materials Strontium (II) Humic acid Membrane mini-reactor 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study has been performed in the framework of the state assignment (Project AAAA-A16-116122810210-1) with partial support of the RFBR (grant 18-03-00051), the Presidium of UB RAS (grant 18-3-3-5).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evgeny V. Polyakov
    • 1
  • Aleksey A. Ioshin
    • 1
  • Ilya V. Volkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Physicochemical Analytical Methods, Institute of Solid State ChemistryUral Branch Russian Academy of SciencesEkaterinburgRussia

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