The Role of Heat Shock Proteins in Response to Extracellular Stress in Aquatic Organisms

  • Li Lian Wong
  • Dinh Thinh Do
Part of the Heat Shock Proteins book series (HESP, volume 12)


Heat shock proteins (HSP) are class of conserved and ubiquitous molecular chaperones present in all living organisms from primitive bacteria to humans. Numerous evidences accumulated last decades have proven multiple functions of HSP in aquatic organisms. Besides fundamentally respond to thermal stress, HSP are also stimulated by other extracellular stresses including salinity, pH, hypoxia, pollutants and pathogens. The induction of HSP towards multiple environmental stressors is to protect aquatic organisms. The mechanism and pathway involved in HSP induction are relatively complicated but are systematic to most cellular stressors. Given the vital functions of HSP in cellular protein protection and immunity defences, HSP-based vaccines and HSP-induced compounds have been developed and applied for the health management of aquatic organisms. Aquaculture species treated with these products have shown increased HSP productions, which have effectively, protect them against various stresses. Application of HSP based therapy in aquaculture practices proves as a promising approach in boosting aquaculture production and sustaining food security.


Aquaculture Aquatic organisms cDNA Gene expression Heat shock protein-based therapy Stressors 



Heat shock cognate proteins


Heat shock elements


Heat shock factors


Heat shock proteins


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon


Polychlorinated biphenyl


Species reactive oxygen


Small heat shock proteins



This book chapter was written with the support from Institute of Tropical Aquaculture (AKUATROP) in Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia, Department of Biotechnology in Sangmyung University, Republic of Korea and Institute of Marine Environment and Resources in Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Vietnam. The authors thank these institutions for providing necessary facilities to complete this work. The authors also acknowledge the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (RAGS Vote No. 57079) for providing research funds in initiating research about HSP in their currently studied fish (Tor tambroides).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Tropical Aquaculture (AKUATROP), Universiti Malaysia TerengganuTerengganuMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologySangmyung UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Institute of Marine Environment and Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHaiphongVietnam

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