Conclusion: Completing the Practice Turn

  • Christian Bueger
  • Frank Gadinger


The concluding chapter zooms out and reflects on recent developments. IPT has become a mature and very successful programme of research. Asking whether it has lived up to its promises, we find that some of them are clearly on the way to being realised, while others require further effort. Promises such as producing relevant knowledge that can trigger change, and moving closer to the actions of practitioners, remain important issues on the agenda. The practice turn is far from being completed, we end by speculating about the future of IPT, investigating three scenarios. Is IPT becoming an ever-growing and thriving trading zone, is it evolving into a paradigm, or will it soon begin to disappear into the annals of IR theory? The current state of play does not indicate that IPT has failed or will disappear in the near future. Instead, IPT has developed as a trading zone, as demonstrated by the quantitative and substantial expansion of IPT scholarship. The risks associated with turning IPT into a new paradigm will require close and sustained attention, however.


International practice theory Discipline of international relations Scenarios Paradigms Mainstreaming Sociology of science 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Bueger
    • 1
  • Frank Gadinger
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Politics and International RelationsCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  2. 2.Centre for Global Cooperation ResearchUniversity of Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

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